World Health Organization (WHO)


 History of Agency in the World and Iran

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Founded in 1948, it works for the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Its constitution came into force on 7 April 1948, which is celebrated every year as the World Health Day. The collaboration between WHO and I. R. Iran started in 1955 through an agreement of cooperation. However, the country office has been operational since 1984. Its main counterpart in Iran is the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, and the primary objective of this partnership is to provide technical support to the country, within the overall scope of WHO’s global, regional and country priorities.
ِDefinition and scope of heath:
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO recognizes that the health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is dependent upon fullest cooperation of individuals and states. The constitution of WHO states that “the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition”.

 Priorities Globally and in Iran

The strategic agenda is being implemented through the following activities in Iran:
– Information and knowledge sharing, providing generic policy options, and standards and health promotion;
– Supporting long-term implementation of health and development programs;
– Catalyzing the adoption and adaptation of technical strategies, and
– Supporting research and development and monitoring health sector performance.
Policy concerns for health in Iran include:
– Enhancing financing of the health system and reducing regional inequalities;
– Improving human resource planning and management;
– Strengthening health information system, and
– Exploring the role of private sector for extending health services at primary, secondary and tertiary levels at a realistic cost[1].

[1]  “ The United Nations in Iran(3rd edition)” Published by the United Nations System in Iran, 2011-P:30-31




Address: 12th Floor, West wing, Building of Ministry of Health & Medical Education (next to Abou Rayhan High School), Simaye Iran St., Phase 5, Sannat Square, Shahrake Qods, Tehran, Iran, P.O. Box 14665/1565
Tel: (98-21) 8836 3979 – 80 / 8836 3718      E-mail: whoteh@ira.emro.who.int
Facsimile : (98-21) 8836 4100      website: www.who.int, www.emro.who.int/iran