World Food Programme (WFP)
History of Agency in the World and Iran
In November/December 1961, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN General Assembly adopted parallel resolutions establishing the World Food Programme (WFP). The three-year experimental programme was not due to enter into operation until January 1963. In reality it was up and running several months early, as an earthquake hit Iran, a hurricane swept through Thailand and newly independent Algeria was overwhelmed by five million returning refugees. Food aid was needed urgently and WFP was tasked to supply it.
Ever since its foundation in 1963, WFP headquarters has been based in Rome, Italy. WFP fights hunger in least-developed and low-income countries where victims of natural disasters, refugees, displaced people and the hungry poor face severe food shortages. The frontline stretches from sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East to Latin America and Asia Pacific.
The Programme currently has emergency and development projects in 78 countries worldwide, reaching some 87.8 million people in 2006.
The first ever WFP assisted emergency operation in Iran was directed to the victims of the earthquake which killed more than 12,000 people in the area of Boein Zahra, Iran in September 1962. WFP first opened an office in Iran in 1971 and was active in several projects concerning food assistance until 1979. Upon the request of the Government, WFP resumed activities in 1987 by providing food assistance to Afghan refugees and later to Iraqi refugees.
Priorities Globally and in Iran
One Protracted Relief and Recovery Programme (PRRO) providing assistance to Afghan and Iraqi refugees residing in camps in Iran.
WFP is currently providing food assistance to 26,000 Afghan and 4,800 Iraqi refugees residing in camps.
WFP has continued to assist in emergency operations (EMOP) in Iran, the last of which was in December 2003 when a massive earthquake measuring 6.3 on the scale of Richter struck the historic city of Bam in Kerman province, in the Southeast of Iran. WFP provided emergency food assistance to up to 100,000 needy people who were living in Bam and its surrounding villages within a radius of 16 km.
The EMOP 10332 was planned for a period of three months, during which time the beneficiaries were able to gradually re-establish their livelihoods or find other sources of support.
Address: United Nations Building No. 39, Shahrzad Blvd., Darrous, Tehran, Iran
P.O. Box 15875/4557
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