24 June 2014
Statement by Mr. Mesbah Ansari Dogaheh
Counselor at the Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran
At the ECOSOC (Humanitarian affairs segment)
24 June 2014 , New York
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
At the outset I’d like to align my delegation with the statement delivered by Bolivia on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
According to the Secretary General’s report on strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations, by the end of 2013, the number of people internally displaced by armed conflict and generalized violence had increased to over 33.2 million, the highest figure recorded by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.
Although an estimated 1 million people were able to return home in 2013,
over 8.1 million were newly displaced. The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters recorded 334 natural disasters in 2013, which claimed an estimated 22,600 lives, affected 97 million people and caused over US$ 118 billion in damages. Asia continued to be the region most impacted by natural disasters, with almost half (160) of the disasters occurring in the region, accounting for 88 per cent of the number of people killed.
The inclusive approach should be integral to all phases of the humanitarian programme cycle. Needs identification and prioritization processes should be based on community participatory methodologies that adequately and equitably engage women and men of all ages, including persons with disabilities. While the collection of data disaggregated by sex, age and disability has progressed, more effort is required to ensure that disaggregated data are maintained throughout the collation process, subjected to analysis and used in programme planning.
Middle-income countries are taking greater ownership and leadership in responding to crises within their own countries, deploying increased economic and institutional capabilities. International and national corporations and local businesses are more engaged in humanitarian response.
Having said that the Islamic Republic of Iran reiterates its commitment and support to the guiding principles articulated in the annex of GA Res 46/182 of 19 December 1991, as the founding resolution of the framework for the provision of UN humanitarian assistance.
The Islamic Republic of Iran, time and again shows its full support and commitment to the provision of humanitarian assistance in accordance with this resolution to promote greater respect for and full adherence to the humanitarian principles, which consists of humanity, neutrality, impartiality, and independence, while engaging in negotiations for and during humanitarian operations.
Moreover, we also believe that a particular attention should be paid to the guiding principles of respect to the national sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of States, in all efforts for coordination and implementation of humanitarian assistance. We emphasize in this regard the primary role of the concerned State in the initiation, organization, coordination and implementation of humanitarian assistance. We also emphasize that the United Nations has a central and unique role to play in providing leadership and coordinating the efforts of the international community to support the affected countries.
The Humanitarian ECOSOC segment theme of this year is “The future of humanitarian affairs. The Islamic Republic of Iran is pleased to announce that it promoted and improved its role in the UN Humanitarian Assistance. In September 2013 during a three day visit by Mrs. Valery Amos the Under Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinatorto the Islamic Republic of Iran a joint statement was signed between her and the Deputy foreign minister, ambassador Araghchi on partnership in Humanitarian Assistance. The Under Secretary General emphasized afterwards that “Effective partnership is crucial if UN agencies and other organizations are going to rise to the challenge of meeting the needs of an increasing number of people affected by emergencies around the world and Iran has much to contribute to the debate on the future of the humanitarian system,”
The Islamic Republic of Iran and the UN OCHA are now about to sign a joint action plan for drawing a road map on the future of Humanitarian Assistance to respond the best to the humanitarian challenges ahead.
Finally, We would like to call on international community as well as all relevant actors in the Humanitarian Assistance to fully adhere to the humanitarian principles and fully respect the national sovereignty and ownership as key core factors of improving the Humanitarian Assistance at the all levels.
I thank you Mr. President.