7 May 2014
Statement by H.E. Mr. Gholamhossein Dehghani
Ambassador and Charge d’Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
At the Security Council Open Debate on Non-Proliferation:
Commemorating the 10th Anniversary of Resolution 1540 and Looking Ahead
7 May 2014 , New York
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
I thank Republic of Korea and its honorable Minister of Foreign Affairs H. E. Mr. Yun Byung-se for convening this meeting. I also thank the Deputy Secretary-General for his statement.
Resolution 1540 affirms that proliferation of weapons of mass destruction constitutes a threat to international peace and security. The Islamic Republic of Iran, as a State party to all major international treaties banning weapons of mass destruction, strongly supports this assertion.
As the Secretary-General rightly put it, “there are no right hands for these wrong weapons”. Therefore, the only absolute guarantee against the threat or use of such weapons is their total elimination.
Iran firmly believes that every effort should be made, in accordance with the international law, to rid the world from the menace of these inhumane weapons and also to ensure that such weapons will not fall into the hands of terrorists.
At the same time, we believe that our efforts to prevent the potential threat of weapons of mass destruction falling into the hands of terrorists should not distract our attentions from the real threat, namely, the continued existence of thousands of nuclear weapons in the stockpiles of nuclear-weapon States.
Silence of the Resolution on the imperative of disarmament, as well as its failure to acknowledge the linkage between non-proliferation and disarmament was one of the major deficiencies referred to by some States, including mine, at the time of the adoption of resolution 1540. These arguments are still pertinent and valid.
Accordingly, in our view, the international community should exert its maximum efforts for the fulfillment, by States, of their legal obligations and commitments under treaties on weapons of mass destruction, in particular the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
In this context, utmost attention should be paid to the universality of such treaties, in particular in such a volatile region as the Middle East, where the nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction in the hands of the Israeli regime, has not only continued to threaten neighboring and other States, but also has so far thwarted all efforts towards the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear and all other weapons of mass destruction.
We strongly share this view that while the Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, it has no right to assume the role of prescribing legislative action by Member States, since this is in conflict with the political sovereignty of States and the independence of their legislative powers at the national level.
We also continue to strongly support the view that there is a clear conflict between the Council’s act in adopting resolution 1540 with the power and function of the General Assembly in progressive development and codification of international law.
Likewise, we believe that issues related to preventing terrorist groups from acquiring weapons of mass destruction should be addressed by the General Assembly in an inclusive and transparent manner and based on consensus.
As recognized in existing international treaties on weapons of mass destruction, we firmly believe that the efforts to prevent access to such weapons should not hamper, in any way, the international cooperation to promote the use of materials, equipment and technology for peaceful purposes. This inalienable right of States cannot and should not be compromised under any circumstances.
As a State party to major international treaties on weapons of mass destruction, the Islamic Republic of Iran is fully committed to the objective of the total elimination of all such weapons. Iran has enforced necessary laws and regulations to ensure preventing the access of terrorist groups to such materials, equipments or technologies as stipulated in the Resolution. Iran has submitted reports required by resolution 1540 and continues to support relevant resolutions of the General Assembly.
In conclusion, and in reaction to the unfounded allegations against my country by the Israeli regime representative that I categorically reject them all, I would like to briefly bring to the attention of this august body that during the past 65 years the Israeli regime waged over 10 wars in the region; It regressed all its neighbors without exception; It attacked several other countries in the region; It is the only one in the region that has all types of weapons of mass destruction; It is the only one in the region that is not a party to none of the treaties banning weapons of mass destruction; It is the only obstacle to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear and all other weapons of mass destruction in the region; It is the only one that rejected to participate in the Helsinki conference on the establishment of a nuclear free zone in the Middle East as mandated by 2010 NPT Review Conference , and it is the only one that attacked peaceful nuclear installations in two countries in the region one of which was strongly condemned by this Council. The Israeli regime is well known as the “state terrorism” responsible for many terrorist acts and cannot and is not eligible to finger point others as a tactic to divert attentions for its own extremist and terrorist policies.
Its network of state terrorism has undertaken many deadly operations all over the world which constitutes a long list. Just to give one example : innocent Iranian scientists who used to work for the development of their beloved country were brutally killed in front of the terrified eyes of their families by agents of this regime in recent years. They still continue to threaten to kill more. The international community should first and foremost stop such heinous acts of terrorism, supported and sponsored by this regime whose representative now attempts to camouflage it behind barrage of unsubstantiated attacks against others.
thank you Mr. President.