28 April 2014
Statement by H.E. Mr. Gholamhosein Dehghani Ambassador
and Chargé d’Affaires of the Islamic Republic of Iran
On behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement before the Security Council
on Security Sector Reform
28 April 2014 , New York
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement. At the outset, I would like to convey the Movement’s appreciation to you for convening this open debate on Security Sector Reform. I also avail myself of this opportunity to express my appreciation to H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations for his report on this issue entitled, “Securing States and Societies: the UN Comprehensive Support to SSR”.
Since 2007 when Security Council started its open debates on this issue, many NAM Member States considered these debates as an opportunity for the Council members as well as the wider membership to articulate their views on the role the United Nations should play in SSR. This is a critical issue for all countries emerging from conflicts, particularly in Africa. NAM believes that today’s debate is an integral and essential part of a broader discussion about the interlink among the concepts of peace, security and development as mutually reinforcing factors, as well as complementarities between conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peace building. We hope our discussions here will provide guidance to UN on how to build institutional capacities in states emerging from conflicts as well as those in transition. The United Nations enjoys a comparative multilateral advantage over other organizations, and due to its universal legitimacy it is uniquely positioned to play a leading role in policy information and security sector capacity building and reform.
Taking into account the primary responsibility and the sovereign right of any country concern in determining its national priorities in this regard. We agree with the Secretary General and concur with the report of the inter-agency UN SSR Task force (S/2013/480), that “national ownership should be the cornerstone of UN’s approach towards SSR.” National ownership and adaptability of SSR tools in each particular country context must be the key principles that guide the role of the United Nations in supporting security sector capacity building and reform.
The Presidential statement S/PRST/2007/3 dated 21 February
2007 also stressed the critical importance of SSR in post conflict environments and underlined the sovereignty and primary responsibility of the country concerned to determine the national approach and priorities toward SSR.
In August 2012, the Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement noted, in the outcome document of their summit in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, the importance of SSR, among other important components in the context of UN peacekeeping and post conflict situations. They stressed that SSR should be integrated in the broad framework of UN Rule of Law activities, thus ensuring that SSR activities and structures are not duplicating the work carried out in the Rule of Law area. They reaffirmed that””the development of a UN approach to SSR must take place within the General Assembly, and in accordance with the principle of national ownership, and stressed that the formulation of strategies to SSR, including its scope and mandate, should be carried out through the intergovernmental process and must be context-specific.They also emphasized that “SSR should be undertaken at the request of the country concerned, and underlined the primary responsibility and the sovereign right of the country concerned in determining its national priorities in this regard.”
As for the development of a UN approach to SSR, the Non-Aligned Movement believes that such development must take place in the General Assembly to ensure that the formulation of strategies for SSR, including its scope and mandate, is carried out through the widest possible intergovernmental process. We need thorough discussions in the GA and ECOSOC in order to allow for full participation of the UN membership at large in such an important and sensitive issue. Peace building Commission is also in a good position to coordinate the activities of the different organs of the UN system in this regard, particularly in the light of experience that the Commission has gained through its engagement. It is of equal importance that the recipient country be fully in charge of formulating the strategy, identifying gaps, needs and areas of priority and coordination of the international support.
I thank you Madame President.