24 April 2014
Statement by The Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran
At the Thematic Debate of the General Assembly
On “Ensuring Stable and Peaceful Societies”
24 April 2014 , New York
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Mr. President, Mr. Moderator,
At the beginning, let me join other delegates in appreciating the President of the General Assembly for convening this thematic debate, and the panelists for their very rich interventions on the theme, which is of utmost importance to my delegation.
The inter-relationship between “development” and the “stable and peaceful societies” has been quite emphasized in almost all interventions; likewise, a lot has been said about the two-way-street analogy for the impacts of one over another. My delegation fully concurs with these interventions.
Additionally, Mr. Moderator, my delegation fully subscribes with the acknowledgement of our leaders in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document that peace and security, development and human rights are the three pillars of the UN system; however, it should be noted that this thematic debate is taking place under the main theme of “setting the stage for the post-2015 development agenda”, and in no way it intends to simplify the work of the UN system, nor it wants to merge the mandates of different UN bodies into one single agenda.
My delegation believes that the developmental aspect of the post-2015 development agenda has to be captured properly in this process, and this was already set to be our mandate, consistent with the MDGs and Rio+20 Outcome.
In the background paper distributed in advance of this meeting, it is rightly stated that as a result of conflicts in recent years, trust and social cohesion within conflict affectedsocieties are shattered, and in order to promote development, trust must be restored and social cohesion reconstructed. Unfortunately, Mr. Moderator, these are the bitter facts of our lives. My delegation believes that we have to go even much beyond this underlying analysis and strike through the root causes of the instabilitywithin societies in its first place.
Moreover, it is true that there is no one-size-fits-all formulation; however, certain causes are often mentioned such as poverty, illiteracy, feeling of insecurity, to name a few; all of which have to be dealt with at national, regional and international levels.
It is noteworthy that, for instance, feeling of insecurity erodes “social cohesion” at the national level, as it does the same to “trust” among nations, lack of which might divert a significant portion of GDP of a country away from implementing economic development policies to military build-ups, just to satisfy such feeling of insecurity. This sense of insecurity might also be caused by illicit transfer of arms to competing factions inside a country, or the threatening possession of weapons of mass destruction including nuclear weapons, and also sanctions and embargos by those placing themselves above the international law.
On these accounts, my delegation believes that it would be mainly through addressing such issues that stability and peaceful societies can be achieved, and this is the development approachwe have to focus on.
Unfortunately, noble goals such as rule of law, human rights, governance have been introduced as a kind of pretext and conditionality on contribution to the economic prosperity of developing nations. And, dwelling unduly on the issues that are purely related to peace and security, or fall completely under the sovereign rights of each country, would not be helpful.
In conclusion, Mr. Moderator, it is undeniable that having a stable and peaceful society is a pre-requisite to development, and vice versa; but, our mandate in the process of the post-2015 development agenda is to achieve concrete and measureable developmental goals and targets so that we would address the root causes of those unwanted situations, we should not enter into a subjective thematic debate, which, at its best scenario, might result solely in a “political declaration” with no tangible developmental result.
I thank you Mr. Moderator.