25 February 2014
Statement by H.E. Ambassador G. Hossein Dehghani Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
at the general debate of the 2014 substantive session of the Special Committee
on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34)
25 February 2014 , New York
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Let me first congratulate you and other members of the Bureau for your well deserved election. I also would like to join others in thanking Under-Secretaries-General Mr. Herve Ladsous and Ms. Ameerah Haq for their informative and useful briefings.
My delegation associates itself with the statement made by Egypt on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
Since its inception in 1948, the United Nations peacekeeping operations have been immensely contributing to the resolutions of many armed conflicts both within and among states. Over the years, the United Nations has established numerous multidimensional peacekeeping operations that carry out a broad spectrum of activities which go far beyond traditional peacekeeping. While there is a need to devise innovative mechanisms to address the emerging challenges, this, in no way, should make us abandon the underlying principles of peacekeeping namely; the consent of the parties, impartiality and the non-use of force except in self-defense.
My delegation acknowledges the necessity of adopting new concepts and ideas to address emerging needs and demands emanating from complex and multidimensional nature of peacekeeping operations and believes that they should be consistent with principles, guidelines and terminology governing peacekeeping, agreed upon in relevant inter-governmental negotiating processes. In this connection, my delegations reiterates that the General Assembly and the the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C34) are the most competence fora to discuss issues and policies related to the UN peacekeeping operations, and to make the best contribution in forming tailored responses to new emerging issues.
Partnership is a key element in success of peacekeeping operations. In this regard, the troop and police contributing countries should be given a greater role in the decision-making process concerning peacekeeping operations. It is evident that this would create a considerable additional incentive for the general UN membership to support peacekeeping operations. Meanwhile, we underline the need for an effective triangular cooperation between TCCs, Secretariat and Security Council in formulation of new mandates as well as in the adjustment of existing mandates.
United Nations peacekeeping operations is a crucial tool paving the way for longer-term stability and development in countries emerging from conflict. In this vein, Peacekeeping efforts should be accompanied by Peacebuilding activities, aimed at facilitating the economic revitalization, development and to enable national capacity on the basis of national ownership and assisting a seamless exit strategy with a view to prevent recurrence of armed conflicts.
The Islamic Republic of Iran emphasizes the importance of preventing peacekeeping from turning to peace enforcement. We are of the view that the use of force in a peacekeeping operation must under no circumstances jeopardize the strategic relation between the host country and the peacekeeping mission.
Given its implication, we believe that use of Unmanned Aerial Systems as an experiment in some peacekeeping operations is a sensitive matter which should be dealt with carefully. The potential use of that technology must in no way affect the basic principles of peacekeeping operations.
We reiterate that Protection of Civilians is the primary responsibility of the Host Country and that the successful conduct of the task relating to the protection of civilians, where a United Nations mandate exist, requires a holistic approach encompassing the provisions of timely and adequate resources, logistical support and the required training, as well as well defined and achievable mandates. We emphasize that Protection of Civilian should not be used as a pretext for military intervention by the United Nations in conflicts.
My delegation, along with other member states of the Non-Aligned Movement, would like to stress that the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security rests with the UN, and that the role of regional arrangements and agencies in that regard should be in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations. We reiterate that regional arrangements should not in any way involve in peacekeeping operations as a substitute for the United Nations, circumvent full application of the UN guiding principles on peacekeeping, or disengage the Organization of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
In conclusion, I wish to remind that Peacekeeping has been termed the flagship activity of the United Nations for decades. So, the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to express its readiness to promote its cooperation with the United Nations in the field of peacekeeping operations and to increase its contribution in this regard. It is upon us to continue collectively fulfilling this responsibility with a view to help the people of the troubled regions of the world to decide their own future based on their political will and cultural priorities.