13 December 2013
Statement by The Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran
At the 6th session of the OWG on Sustainable Development Goals
Under the Item entitled “Human Rights including the right to development and Global Governance”
Friday, 13 December 2013
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Thank you very much for giving me the floor,
Let me first appreciate you, the panelists of this morning’s meeting and the UN Task Team for your efforts.
My delegation would like to associate itself with the statement made by Fiji, on behalf of the Group of 77 and China. Furthermore, I would like to add a few points in my national capacity.
I would like to raise a very general point before dwelling on the items at hand; my delegation believes that “sustainability” in the “sustainable development” should be considered as a qualifier for the development, not a definitive determinant, a balances and cohesive approach of which would not translate into radicalization of any one of the dimensions of sustainability over one another, nor will it undermine the “development” in general, as the main aspiration.
Each dimension of sustainability should be treated in a way to create synergy for the other dimensions, as a building block, not a stumbling one; therefore we believe that in order for us to create synergy, we should focus on concordant denominators rather than discordant ones.
Human rights issues have become an important issue in the deliberation of the SDGs, even the introductory part of the TST issues brief refers to this as a reason for the failure and unbalanced approach in the MDGs. There should be no doubt that human rights vis-a-vis poverty and food, equality and equity, health and education, water and sanitation, among others, should have its proper place in the balanced reflection of the ambitions for the sustainable development goal.
Furthermore, the SDGs should be aligned with the existing human rights framework and fundamental principles, considering national governments as primary duty-bearers at the national and international levels, and all other development actors as responsible, responsive and accountable.
It is on this vantage point that we are also of the belief that an accountability framework with binding commitments for all stakeholders should be developed and agreed at the global level. As it is raised in one of the briefing during this session of the OWG, it is upon governments to protect all human rights through proper oversight and regulation of private actors, especially of business and private financial actors, to guarantee in practice that they respect human rights and their commitments.
Additionally, an accountable mechanism of global development partnership should also be devised so that constraints in ensuring the development commitments of countries including on all fundamental human rights, including the rights to food, health, equality, education and the right to development, and so forth are efficiently addressed. These constraints are usually the result of policy decisions taken by other States, be it individually or as members of intergovernmental institutions.
On the individual aspect, expressing deep concern on the negative impact of unilateral economic and financial measures on the realization of all human rights including the right to development, my delegation stresses on the need to promote and protect all such rights through a constructive international dialogue and cooperation, capacity building and technical assistance, which are vital for the promotion of poverty eradication, full and productive employment and decent work as well as equality and social integration.
Finally, on the international aspect, my delegation concurs with the TST Issue Brief that the current structure of global governance lack effectiveness, representativeness and coherence; therefore, in order to respond to the new specific challenges, including for a better integrated response, the current structure need to be more participatory, transparent and accountable.
I thank you Mr. Co-Chair,