5 December 2013
Explanation of Vote of the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran
On Decision entitled:
“Treaty banning the production of fissile material for
nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices”
At the 68th Session of the General Assembly
New York, 5 December 2013
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
I take the floor to explain the position of my delegation regarding the Decision just adopted on “Treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices” contained in document A/68/411 as Decision No. II.
This year, my delegation joined the consensus in adopting this decision only due to its nature, that is merely a procedural decision which does not cover substantive aspect of the subject.
The position of my country in regard to banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices is clear, part of which is reflected in document A/68/154.
In the view of the Islamic Republic of Iran the most serious threat to the international peace and security and to the very survival of civilization is the continued existence of nuclear weapons, their vertical and horizontal proliferation, and the risk of their possible use.
There is no legal, political or security reason to justify the continued possession of nuclear weapons and therefore, their total elimination is the only absolute guarantee against the intentional or accidental use of such weapons.
In this context, along with the overwhelming majority of States, Iran strongly supports the complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
In our view, the first and the best practical measure to achieve this noble goal is the early conclusion of a comprehensive convention on nuclear weapons to prohibit their possession, development, production, acquisition, testing, stockpiling, transfer and use or threat of use, and to provide for their total elimination at the earliest time, in an irreversible and transparent manner and under strict international verification.
Iran strongly supports the call made today by the General Assembly through the adoption of Resolution No. III as contained in document A/68/411, for the adoption of a balanced and comprehensive program of work for the Conference on Disarmament that particularly includes immediate commencement of negotiations of a comprehensive nuclear weapons convention.
Taking into account the fact that nuclear disarmament is the highest priority on the international disarmament agenda, we believe that negotiations on such a convention must be at the top of the agenda of the Conference on Disarmament.
The Islamic Republic of Iran strongly believes that any instrument which is to ban the production, and provide for the total elimination, of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, should be comprehensive and non-discriminatory.
It must be of a nuclear disarmament nature and accordingly, its scope must cover the past, present and future production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices and provide for the declaration and total elimination of all stocks of such materials at a fixed date.
Moreover, such an instrument should not provide, in any way whatsoever, the grounds for the recognition of any new status for nuclear-weapons possessors. It should oblige all nuclear-weapon possessors and all nuclear-weapon States, without exception, to completely end the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices and to declare and destroy all their stockpiles of such materials.
All such obligations should be fulfilled within a specified framework of time, in an irreversible and transparent manner, and under strict international verification.
I thank you Mr. President.