5 December 2013
Explanation of Vote of the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran
“The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East”
At the 68th Session of the General Assembly
New York, 5 December 2013
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
I would like to explain the position of my delegation regarding the resolution just adopted on “The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East” as contained in document A/68/414.
As previous years, we voted in favor of this resolution which deals with the most important aspect of security in the Middle East, namely the threat of nuclear weapons of the Israeli regime.
Weapons of Mass destruction of this regime, in particular its nuclear weapons is the only source of threat to the peace and security in this volatile region and beyond.
It is also the only obstacle for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East which was proposed by Iran in 1974 and since then, the General Assembly has uninterruptedly adopted resolutions endorsing this proposal and recognizing that the establishment of this zone would greatly enhance regional and international peace and security.
However, it is a source of grave concern that despite repeated calls by the international community, in particular the IAEA, the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation, Review Conferences of the NPT, as well as successive Summit and Ministerial Conferences of the Non-Aligned Movement, Israel still has not acceded to the NPT. Consequently, no progress has been made so far in the establishment of such a zone in the Middle East.
The failure to convene the 2012 conference on the establishment of such a zone, due only to Israel’s objection, is yet another unwelcome development in this regard that seriously challenged the integrity and credibility of non-proliferation regime and the consensus agreements of successive NPT Revcons.
At the same time, expressions of deep concern over this issue and strong calls for early convening of the Conference, voiced this year by the overwhelming majority of political groups, States and civil society, during the second NPT prepcom, IAEA general Conference, UNGA HLM on nuclear disarmament, UNGA general debate, CTBT Article 14 Conference, and the First Committee meeting, made it crystal clear that the establishment of such a zone enjoys continued strong international support.
In order to avoid further negative consequences of delay in implementing the 1995 Resolution and the 2010 NPT Revcon plan of action on the Middle East, the co-conveners of the Conference must exert utmost pressure on Israel to participate in the Conference.
I should stress in this regard that the Conference should be carried out according to the NPT Revcon Rules of Procedure, in particular the rule of consensus, and its agenda should only be the establishment of a Middle East WMD-free zone, as identified by the 2010 NPT Revcon Final Document.
Therefore, to agree on a time-bound plan of action for universality of the NPT in the Middle East leading to the establishment of a WMD-free zone in this region should be the only focus of the Conference. Any precondition for the participation in the conference or the establishment of such a zone is contrary to the letter and spirit of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East and the 2010 NPT Revcon Final Document and therefore should seriously be avoided.
I thank you Mr. President.