19 November 2013
General Statement by H.E. Mohammad Khazaee, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of
the Islamic Republic of Iran
on Resolution A/C.3/68/L.42
Situation of Human Rights in the Syrian Arab Republic
before the Third Committee of the 68th session of the General Assembly
New York, 19 November 2013
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
My delegation would like to make the following statement as explanation of position before action on the draft resolution L. 42 entitled: Situation of Human Rights in the Syrian Arab Republic.
- We firmly believe that the continuation of the practice of selective adoption of country resolution, in particular in the Third Committee of the General Assembly, and exploitation of this mechanism for political ends breaches the principles of universality, non-selectivity and objectivity in addressing human rights issues and undermine cooperation as the essential principle to promote and protect all universally recognized human rights.
- The UPR of the Human Rights Council provides a mechanism of reviewing the human rights situation in all member states on an equal basis.
- Current crisis in Syria is gaining new dimensions, following of sectarian violence as well as growth of extremism and illegal acts by terrorist and extremist groups in this country. There is a growing concern that the operations of terrorist armed groups will pose further threat and danger to the regional security and stability. This brings more than ever into picture our responsibilities for supporting a Syrian – led political dialogue for a peaceful resolution of the crisis and ending the violence inside Syria. Alternative approach for Syria crisis is political solution and cooperation among countries of region to make this dialogue and national reconciliation possible and not resorting to politicized approach of country specific resolution.
- In view of my delegation, the draft resolution L.42 is a deviation of all efforts that are currently pursued at the international level for a peaceful and political solution to Syrian crisis. The draft, in its terms and spirit is also against the principles enshrined in the Charter if the United Nations and the international law.
- We have witnessed a new rounds of air strikes by the Israeli regime violating the territorial integrity of Syria. The draft does not reflect the recent Israeli regime attacks against Syrian sovereignty.
- The draft is not pay any attention to the violation of international human rights law and international humanitarian law by certain terrorist group and responsibility of those groups.
- The Draft resolution demonstrates a confrontational approach visa–a- vis Syria and in no way helps to bring an atmosphere of protection and promotion of human rights of Syrian people.
- With respect to the provisions of the resolution on the use of the Chemical Weapons in Syria, the Islamic Republic of Iran as a main victim of the chemical weapons, once again condemns the use of such weapons. It now becoming more clear that the responsibility of the certain elements of the Syrian armed opposition groups must be acknowledged on the use of this weapons.
In conclusion, for all these considerations, the Islamic Republic of Iran decided to vote against the draft resolution L. 42 on the situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic in accordance with our firm position towards Country specific resolution.