29 October 2013
Statement by H.E. Mr. Gholamhossein Dehghani Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
and Chair of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-Aligned Movement
before the United Nations Security Council Open debate
under the agenda item
“Working methods of the Security Council”
New York , 29 October 2013
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
I have the pleasure to speak today on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and at the outset, I would like to convey the Movement’s appreciation to Azerbaijan’s presidency of the Security Council for having convened this important open debate to discuss the progress achieved in the implementation of the measures set out in the note by the President of the Security Council of 26 July 2010 (S/2010/507). This open debate would help us to direct the discussions towards enhancing the transparency and efficiency of the work of the Security Council and to meet the expectations of the general membership of the United Nations.
This debate is the sixth debate on the working methods of the Council. The increased frequency in recent years to have this debate is indicative of the fact that the member states attach great importance to this matter. The same interest has been shown by the Non-Aligned Movement.
NAM has always emphasized the necessity for the Council to increase transparency and make a balance approach in interaction with non-members. Some positive steps have been taken by the Security Council, pursuant to note 507. The Movement appreciates the work leading to the Note by the President of the Security Council contained in document S/2013/515 on enhancing efficiency and transparency as well as on the interaction and dialogue with non- members of the Security Council and emphasize the importance of the efforts of Ambassador Maria Cristina Perceval, the Chair of the Informal Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions, which are eloquently elaborated in her briefing today. The points listed in the Note are very much close to the position that the NAM has been taking on the working methods of the Security Council.
NAM urges all States to uphold the primacy of and full respect for the provisions of the UN Charter pertaining to the functions and powers of the Assembly and calls on the Presidents of the General Assembly, the ECOSOC and the Security Council to conduct regular discussions and coordination among themselves regarding the agenda and programme of work of the respective principal organs in order to establish increased coherence and complementarily among these organs in a mutually reinforcing manner, respectful of each other’s mandates, and with a view to generating a mutual understanding among them.
We believe that the Security Council should avoid resorting to chapter VII of the Charter as a tool for addressing issues that do not necessarily pose a threat to international peace and security, rather it should fully utilize such means to settle disputes and prevent conflict as negotiation, mediation, arbitration and judicial decisions and other provisions of relevant chapters of the UN Chap, including chapters VI and VIII, before invoking chapter VII which should be a measure of last resort.
Non-Aligned Movement welcomes the use of wrap-up meetings and informal briefing sessions pursuant to the note by the President contained in document S/2012/922. However NAM believes that the issues discussed in the wrap up session should be limited to the items and issues discussed at the Security Council within the programme of work of each month. It also welcomes the commitment reiterated by Council members to continue this practice and encourages all efforts to sustain and improve these sessions, which are of great relevance to the broader membership.
Regarding the reporting practice by the Council, we welcome the informal meetings between the Presidency of the Council and UN Member States on the preparation of the annual report of the Security Council which can help enhance the quality of such reports. It calls on the Security Council to submit a more explanatory, comprehensive and analytical annual report to the General Assembly, assessing the work of the Council, including such cases in which the Council has failed to act, and the views expressed by its members during the consideration of the agenda items under its consideration. Further NAM calls on the Security Council to elaborate the circumstances under which it adopts different outcomes whether resolutions, presidential statements, press statements or elements to the press. It calls on the Security Council, pursuant to Articles 15 (1) and 24 (3) of the UN Charter, to submit special reports for the consideration of the General Assembly. It further calls on the Security Council to ensure that its monthly assessments are comprehensive and analytical, and issued in a timely fashion. The General Assembly may consider proposing parameters for the elaboration of such assessments.
NAM welcomes the increase in the number of public meetings, and expects that the quantitative increase of those meetings shall be associated with a qualitative improvement by providing more opportunities and meaningful exchanges of view to take into account the contributions of non-Council members, particularly those whose interests are or maybe directly affected by possible decisions of the Council. Furthermore, the concerned non-Council member should be given the opportunity to express its views and position on such briefings. The general observations and positions formulated by numerous non-members of the Security Council during its debates or open debates should be properly taken into account in any possible outcome of those debates and should also be reflected in the Council’s annual report. NAM appreciates convening of Arria Formula meetings as a practical way to ensure more interaction with non-Council members and regional and sub-regional organizations.
We welcome the commitments to maintain regular communication with the Peacebuilding Commission and more effective use of public meetings, to invite the Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission and the Chairs of country-specific configurations of the Commission to be invited, as appropriate, to participate in formal Council meetings and informal interactive dialogues. NAM also welcomes measures taken to improve consultations with troop-contributing countries and police-contributing countries as part of the effort to plan and execute peacekeeping operations more effectively and with clearer mandates and expects the finalization of a Presidential note on the Enhancement of Consultation with Troop and Police Contributing Countries. The Working Group on Peacekeeping Operations should continue to involve TCCs frequently and intensively in its deliberations through sustained, regular and timely interaction, and appreciates the meetings of the Working Group held during this year.
The Movement believes that more steps are needed, along with the necessary political will of Member States, particularly the permanent members of the Council, to improve the working methods of the Council through both the General Assembly and the Security Council. Transparency, accountability and consistency are key elements that the Security Council should observe in all its activities, approaches and procedures. Every effort should be made to render the Council more democratic, representative and accountable. In this way, the Security Council can deal more efficiently and effectively with its mounting workload and with the multiplicity and complexity of the issues on its agenda in maintaining international peace and security. Non Aligned Movement stands ready to contribute to the achievement of these goals.
I thank you, Mr. President.