24 October 2013
Statement by H. E. Mr. Gholamhossein Dehghani, Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative
Of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations Under Agenda Item 17
“Macroeconomic Policy Questions”
Sub-items (a), (b), and (c)
2nd Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations
Thursday, 24 October 2013
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Thank you for giving me the floor,
Let me, at the beginning, associate myself with the statement made by Fiji on behalf of the Group of 77 and China. Furthermore, I would like to add a few points in my own national capacity.
The challenges of the globalized world are becoming more complex, and five years after the start of the global financial crisis, the world economy is still struggling to recover.
Yesterday, a lot has been said about the required new global partnership, reform in international financial and economic architecture, as well as the need for a viable model of international economic engagement that reflects the realities of the new era and gives the developing countries an increased voice in the global economic governance.
Within the framework of this renewed and strengthened global partnership, my delegation believes that trade is a vital tool to provide long-term sustainable growth, and in order to fully utilize the potential of trade, it is important to uphold a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory, depoliticized and equitable multilateral trading system that contributes to growth and sustained development, particularly for developing countries.
Taking note of the SG’s reports under this agenda item, my delegation adheres to the fact raised in the report A/68/205 that national trade policy alone, cannot put in place the conditions necessary to achieve inclusive development, and different combinations of macroeconomic, industrial, services, technology and labour market policies are needed to ensure that trade is directed to inclusive and sustained development.
However, It is also widely believed that trade provides the means to overcome constraints posed by small domestic markets and by facilitating access to larger external markets, enables a better use of productive resources for the sake of structural transformation.
As the Secretary General affirms in his report A/68/218, evidence indicates that unilateral measures, especially broad trade embargoes, can have severe adverse consequences for human rights, people’s welfare, and the long-term growth prospects of the affected country, the magnitude of which on its social and economic development depends on a wide range of factors.
In the same report, it refers to the thirteenth session of UNCTAD at Doha, and the Doha Mandate (TD/500/Add.1) and quotes that UNCTAD does not agree with the imposition of unilateral economic measures as instruments of political and economic coercion against developing countries. And, accordingly, States are strongly urged to refrain from promulgating and applying any unilateral economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with international law and the Charter of the United Nations that impede the full achievement of economic and social development, particularly in developing countries.
It further reiterates that these actions hinder market access, investments and freedom of transit and the well-being of the populations of affected countries. Meaningful trade liberalization will also require addressing non-tariff measures including, inter alia, unilateral measures, where they act as unnecessary trade barriers.
The Islamic Republic of Iran strongly believes that the imposition of unilateral coercive economic measures as a means of exerting political and economic pressure on developing countries is a flagrant violation of international law and of the aims and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. In particular, it infringes a sovereign State’s right to peace, development and security, breaches the principle of peaceful coexistence among sovereign States, and constitutes a persistent threat to a country’s stability, while encroaching upon the right of peoples to freedom of trade and navigation, and the rules of the multilateral trading system.
My country is deeply concerned, Mr. Chairman, with the spiraling increase of resorting to unilateral coercive measures, especially economic and financial sanctions, as a tool of international policy. Indeed, the trade policy autonomy of Member States should not be allowed as to justify the misuse of economic measures for pressure over other States.
Additionally, the effectiveness of economic sanctions is widely disputable, as the civilian population is ultimately suffering from the major harmful effects of such unilateral measures. Despite resorting to rhetoric such as smart sanctions, unfortunately, it is evident that mass punishment is the only result of the adoption of such unilateral sanctions.
Therefore, my delegation strongly believes that the imposition of sanctions as a means of pressure and coercion is a serious harm to the legitimacy of the international system, as supposed to be endorsed by the Charter of the United Nations.
To conclude, Mr. Chairman, the Islamic Republic of Iran, as a victim of economic sanctions robustly reject unilateral sanctions, which has seriously jeopardized the legitimacy of the International system, damaged all aspects of the rights of people, including freedom of trade, finance, movement and navigation, and is a distorting factor for the social and environmental development of the country and the region as a whole.
I thank you Mr. Chairman.