October 23, 2013
Statement by Statement by Mr. MohammadReza Sahraei Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
On the agenda item 50: “International cooperation in the
peaceful uses of outer space”
68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly
New York- October 23, 2013
In the Name of God the Compassionate the Merciful
Let me begin by thanking you for conducting this important debate on the International cooperation in peaceful use of outer Space. The Islamic Republic of Iran attaches great importance to this issue and as one of the first members of the COPUOS stands ready to continue its endeavours and to make an active contribution in this regard. I would also like to take this opportunity to express our appreciation to the Director and the staff of the UNOOSA for their efforts to further promote international cooperation on peaceful uses of outer space.
The outer space as the province of all mankind should be kept open to all States for peaceful purposes and to take advantage of potential benefits therein. The Islamic Republic of Iran is fully convinced that the international endeavours to promote peaceful use of outer space will only come to desired results, if fully supported by initiatives and efforts to prevent a possible arms race or any misuse of outer space. Weaponization of outer space constitutes a major threat to all mankind, given the fact that it would finally lead to an arms race similar to what we are witnessing on the earth. Therefore, all efforts should be done in order to secure the use of outer space solely for the purposes of the wellbeing and prosperity of all nations around the world.
The long-term sustainability of outer space activities is a crucial issue before us. We are of the view that long-term sustainability of outer space will be achieved if all activities carried out in outer space are regulated in good faith with transparency. Sustainability and its requirements leads us to develop regional and international cooperation rather than arbitrary approaches which have implications on the promoting peaceful uses of outer space in developing countries. This means that recommendations and regulations in this direction should avoid the measures that would limit access to space by developing states with emerging space capabilities.
Bearing in mind the importance of sustainable development and its requirements, we do emphasize that any form of Code of Conducts for outer space activities should be of a comprehensive and peaceful nature within the UN legal framework with full contribution of Member States, acceptable by all.
We would like to reiterate our position on Geostationary orbit as a limited source and emphasize that the utilization of this orbit spectrum must be rationalized and extended to all States equally, taking into account the geographical location of certain countries in compliance with the established principles in the normative framework and the decisions made by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and other relevant bodies of the UN system, giving priority to the contributions of space activities for sustainable development and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
With regard to the Space-System-Based Disaster Management Support under the acronym of UN-SPIDER, Iran as a disaster prone country, which faces a particularly hazardous situation resulting from various types of natural disasters, realizes the considerable merit of the UN-SPIDER programme in addressing disaster management. We would like to express satisfaction on the progressive trend of implementation of UN-SPIDER programs. In this regard, Iran’s Regional Support Office is an active partner in the region to implement UN-SPIDER programs and supports its progressive works .
The Islamic Republic of Iran has made a remarkable advancement in space science and technology based on its own capability and indigenous knowledge. In this regard, Iran has been actively involved in peaceful uses of outer space by launching three satellites and of course the recent achievement of sending the first live animal into the sub-orbit. We are determined to continue our progress on the basis of our national capabilities aiming at promoting peaceful international cooperation in the field of space activities. Our trend of expansion of scientific and research capacity will hopefully add to these outcomes in the coming years with an accelerating rate.
To conclude, I would like to express our sincere hope for the successful and satisfactory conclusion of the Special Committee. I assure you of my delegation’s fullest cooperation to this end.
I thank you Mr. Chairman