11 Sept 2013
Intervention by Mr. Mesbah Ansari Dogaheh , Third Counsellor of Permanent Mission
of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
At The Informal Session of the GA on the Responsibility to Protect
New york Sept. 11. 2013
In the name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
The Islamic Republic of Iran wishes to extend its gratitude to the Secretary General for his fifth report on Responsibility to Protect which is titled State responsibility and prevention.
As we all know the three pillars of the responsibility to protect, as stipulated in the Outcome Document of the 2005 United Nations World Summit (A/RES/60/1, para. 138-140) and formulated in the Secretary-General’s 2009 Report (A/63/677) on Implementing the Responsibility to Protect start from the first pillar recognizing the state with primary responsibility for protecting its own populations from the four most serious crimes.
Taking into consideration the risk factors as well as the Policy options for atrocity prevention as set out in the Secretary General’s fifth report, It should be stipulated that the state carries the primary responsibility on the prevention aspect of the Responsibility to Protect.
Furthermore, as stipulated in the Secretary General’s fourth report: “Responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity” should not, then, be misused, or indeed abused, to erode the principle of sovereignty and undermine territorial integrity and political independence of States or intervene in their internal affairs.
We believe that the dedication of the fifth report by the Secretary General to the prevention aspect shows the importance and the priority of prevention over other measures in responsibility to protect. As the Islamic Republic of Iran had reiterated from the early stages of the introduction of the responsibility to protect, the three pillars that are stipulated in the World Summit outcome document 2005, should be seen as a priority list with an ordinal nature hence, the ordinal exhaustion of the pillars proved to be of importance and correctness as far as we move further in the history of the responsibility to protect.
We can not agree more with Secretary General that Education can promote tolerance and an understanding of the value of diversity. At the same time many intrinsic values of religions and cultures in the societies can be promoted and used in preventing any of the four most serious crimes to occur.
We share and support the idea of addressing the root causes of the four most serious crimes in the report on a preventive approach to the responsibility to protect while ensuring sovereignty and territorial integrity of states are fully respected.
The Islamic Republic of Iran remains cooperative with the Secretary General and his special advisor on the Prevention of Genocide Mr. Adama Dieng and stresses again that prevention and not intervention is an effective approach provided that the international community does not witness any attempts to erode or redefine sovereignty of states under R 2 P.
Thank you Mr. Moderator.