5 September 2013
Comments by H.E. Ambassador Gholamhossein Dehghani,Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
At the informal meeting of the 67th Session of the General Assembly
on the observance of International Day against Nuclear Tests
(New York, 5 September, 2013)
In the name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Please check against delivery.
Thank you Mr. Moderator.
I thank honorable President of the General Assembly for convening this meeting in collaboration with the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
I also thank distinguished Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan and Ms. Angela Kane, High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, and other distinguished panelists for their remarks and contributions.
I would like to make a very brief comment on the topic under consideration. It is evident that removing the risk of the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, banning nuclear test explosions, establishing of nuclear-weapon-free zones, reducing the number of nuclear warheads, and preventing terrorists from acquiring nuclear weapons or materials are noble goals that deserve all our attention and efforts. However, it goes without saying that as long as a nuclear weapon exists, none of those goals are sustainable. So, it must be acknowledged by all our efforts and initiatives that establishing a world free from the menace of nuclear weapons is achievable only through nuclear disarmament as the legal obligation and political and moral responsibility of all UN members. Thus, in our view, all initiatives and efforts in this field will be fruitful and effective if the nuclear disarmament be known by them as the ultimate goal of such efforts. Any attempt to redirect attentions from this major goal, by replacing nuclear disarmament with any other subordinate measures or objectives, in our view does not help create a safer world.
For example, I would like to refer to NPT. While it is a solid foundation in support of the peaceful use of nuclear energy and the cornerstone of international efforts to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, there are attempts by a handful of countries, although implicitly, to introduce it as a treaty of nuclear-weapon-haves and have-nots; or to interpret its indefinite extension as the indefinite possession of nuclear weapons by so-called Nuclear-Weapon States. In fact, any such attempt runs counter to the letter and spirit of the NPT and puts the legality of both nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament into jeopardy. So, to pursue the path to zero, we need to have a balanced and non-discriminatory approach, and should avoid any misinterpretation of international legal instruments such as NPT, in words and deeds, and grant the urgency, priority and essentiality of nuclear disarmament as a sacred and unavoidable goal that must be perused by us rigorously and vigorously.