14 May 2013
Statement of the Islamic Republic of Iran
At the High level meeting of the General Assembly
The appraisal of the Global plan of Action to combat trafficking in persons
13&14 May 2013- New York
The official reports on the increasing number of Human Trafficking, especially in children and women, in many parts of the world are indicative of an alarming situation that we need to address and to do it effectively, the full cooperation of all members of the international community is required. Given the trans-border nature of the crime, coordination and cooperation at the international level is a sine qua non for serious efforts towards combating it.
We believe that the international community should, strengthen and enforce effective measures to prevent, combat and eliminate all forms of trafficking in persons. To this end, the demand side for trafficked victims, especially in rich countries, should be addressed and suppressed and the victims, in particular women and children, who are mostly subject to forced labour, sexual or commercial exploitation, violence and sexual abuse, should be protected.
Furthermore, we express our serious concernat the increasing number of reported incidents of trafficking in persons for the purpose of removal of organs, as well as trafficking in organs, tissues and cells.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is of the opinion that, while combating Trafficking in persons, the root causes of this crime should be also addressed by the international community at the same time. Economic and cultural poverty, unemployment, lack of socio-economic opportunities, multi-forms of violence, lack of security especially in conflict situations, discrimination and marginalization as well as global financial crises are some of the contributing factors that make persons vulnerable to trafficking in persons.
Hence, we encourage member states, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and other relevant bodies to share information, experiences and good practices on anti-trafficking activities, in particular on combating trafficking in persons.
We would like also to emphasize the role of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in the implementation of the United Nations Global Plan of Action, including as coordinator of the Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons.
At the national level, article 156 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran has envisaged crime prevention as responsibilities of the judiciary branch of the country. Furthermore, nine years ago the Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran passed a legislation titled the law of combating human trafficking. The legislation consists of 8 articles, which criminalize and penalize all forms of human trafficking. Articles 4 and 7 of the law stipulates that any Iranian individual, whether official or private, living inside or outside the country, who commits human trafficking, will be persecuted and punished by competent court.
As the website of the Ministry of Interior of the Islamic Republic of Iran indicates, during the recent months, 46 human trafficking gangs have been dismantled by our special police force and 147 persons arrested during the anti-trafficking operations.
At the protection level, the State Welfare Organization and the municipalities of the country address the socio-economic as well as psychological needs of the victims of trafficking in persons.
The Islamic Republic of Iran, as both transit and destination country for drug trafficking, has been always active in combating trafficking in drug, particularly across its borders. As human trafficking networks form nexus with other criminal activities ranging from money laundering, prostitution, child pornography, slavery and drug trafficking . It is, therefore, important that the international community considers the possible links between these criminal activities and be prepared to mount combat against them with vigor when it is so required.
In conclusion, I would like to reaffirm the commitment of the Islamic Republic of Iran in combating trafficking in persons as well as its readiness for cooperation with other stakeholders in this regard.