28 November 2012
General Statement by the Islamic Republic of Iran
As the Chair of the NAM Coordinating Bureau
On the draft resolution “The Right to Development”
Third Committee of the General Assembly
28 November 2012
I have the honour to make the following general statement on behalf of the 120 members of the Non-Aligned Movement, in The Islamic Republic of Iran’s capacity as the Chair of the NAM Coordinating Bureau, regarding the draft resolution L.39 entitled “The Right to Development”.
Non Align Movement strongly believes that the full realisation of the right to development and the right of peoples under foreign occupation and colonial domination to self-determination, together with respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of member States, non-interference in their internal affairs, prevention of violence and promotion of non-violence, are all fundamental for promoting a culture of peace and laying down the foundations for developing friendly relations among nations as set out in the Charter
Furthermore, the movement believes in the importance of implementing a constructive approach in promoting and protecting all human rights and fundamental freedoms. In the same vein equal treatment should be given to both civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development.
The Heads of State and Government of the Movement, during the 16th NAM summit in Tehran in August 2012 reaffirmed the need to continue to promote and protect all universally recognized human rights through a constructive international dialogue and cooperation, capacity building and technical assistance, and to ensure the realisation of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, in particular the right to development as a universal and inalienable right, and as an integral part of all universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. They further reaffirmed the objective of making “the right to development” a reality for everyone as set out in the UN Millennium Declaration, and decided to give due consideration to the negative impact of unilateral economic and financial coercive measures on the realization of this right. In this context, they mandated NAM delegations in New York and Geneva to update and introduce, at the Third Committee and the Human Rights Council draft resolutions on “the right to development” and to consider sponsoring other initiatives that promote respect for the principled positions of the Movement related to the enhancement of International Cooperation in the field of human rights.
The Non Aligned Movement reaffirms the need for a New Global Human Order aimed at reversing growing disparities between rich and poor, both among and within countries, through the promotion of poverty eradication, full and productive employment and decent work, as well as social integration. The international financial and economic crises and the resulting downturn in global economic growth severely affect in particular the economies of the developing countries. This is reflected, inter alia, through decrease in trade and FDI flows and increased contractions and high costs of credit, thereby negatively impacting on the realization of “the right to development.” It is therefore imperative to address the crisis with a view to promoting human development, including through actions aimed at supporting sustained economic growth, poverty eradication and sustainable development. It is also essential for States to promote efforts to combat extreme poverty and hunger according to MDG-1 as well as foster participation by the poorest members of society in decision-making processes.
At the same time, we urge the United Nations human rights machinery to ensure the operationalisation of the right to development as a priority, including through the elaboration of a “Convention on the Right to Development” by the relevant machinery, taking into account different recommendations and relevant initiatives. We also call upon the United Nations and its specialised agencies, funds and programmes to mainstream the right to development in their policies and operational activities, as well as in policies and strategies of the international financial and multilateral trading systems, taking into account in this regard that the core principles of the international economic, commercial and financial spheres, such as equity, non-discrimination, transparency, accountability, participation and international co-operation, including effective partnerships for development, are indispensable for the achievement of the right to development and preventing discriminatory treatment to the issues of concern to the developing countries arising out of political or other non-economic considerations.
The draft resolution contained in document L. 39 is thus a genuine attempt to fulfil the aspirations of all peoples of NAM countries for development and prosperity, which are shared at the level of our Heads of States and Governments.
The Non Align Movement appreciates the constructive engagement of the majority of delegations, including some members of the European Union during the negotiation process and as the NAM has shown flexibility to accommodate different views, looks forward to continue such cooperation with all interested partners during the future sessions in order to bridge the gap on this vital resolution.
Finally, the Non Align Movement regrets that some delegations have decided to put this important text to vote and sincerely hopes that all Member States will work in the future, with more interest, determination and willingness to show real flexibility and commitment to change their position to support the resolution with the aim of achieving consensus.
Thank you Mr. Chairman