8 November 2012
the Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran on
Agenda Item 69(c):
Human Rights Situations and Reports of Special Representative
New York, 8 November 2012
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Unfortunately, countries claiming to be the bulwark of democracy and champions of human rights, are suffering from political paranoia and manipulating the Human Rights issues for their politicized and biased goals, while, to the contrary, it is well documented by the International Human Rights monitoring bodies that their own records in this field are seriously tainted.
In this regard, I would like to stress thatthe Islamic Republic of Iran continues to monitor the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms around the world especially in Canada, the European Union the United States, Australia, and theUnited Kingdom, where it is reportedthat the gravest violations of all human rights including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights still continue to occur.
Situation of human rights in Canada has steadily deteriorated. Freedom of expression has been widely denied by Canada’s crackdown on many peaceful rallies, as indicated in thereport of the HCHR. Unfortunately, during past couple of years, thousands of demonstrators have been arrested, hand-cuffed, jailed and banned from attending public gathering for a period of time. Recently the High Commissioner for Human Rights included Canada in the list of the world’s worst on human rights and criticized Quebec’s Bill 78 for the restricting freedom of assembly. The emergency legislation restricts education employees’ ability to strike.
The fact that human rights in Canada have been systematically denied to some large parts of the population, irrespective of the political ideology of different governments and political parties in power, is an open secret today. From failing in the scope of its international obligations, to failing in constitutional and legislative framework, to failing in equality and non- discrimination, the right to life, liberty and security of person, to failing minorities and indigenous persons, there seems to be no area where Canadian government have not disgraced themselves before the humanity when it comes to upholding human rights.
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in its concluding observations on Canada has issues a long list of Canada’s shortcomings including the absence of reliable and comprehensive statistical data on the composition of this country population including economic and social indicators disaggregated by ethnicity, including Aboriginal peoples, African Canadian and immigrants living in its territory, to enable better evaluation of their enjoyment of all human rights. In this respect we urge the government of Canada to collect and provide the human rights monitoring system especially the CERD with the reliable and comprehensive statistical data on the ethnic composition of its population and its economic and social indicators disaggregated by ethnicity, gender, including on Aboriginal peoples, African Canadians and immigrants.
The Islamic Republic of Iran remains seriously concern over the deteriorated situation of women, young population, aboriginal and indigenous, Asian and African descendent peoples, Muslim as well as ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities in Canada, as the latest report of the UNCAT finds Canada complicity in torture, detention, genocide inside and outside of its territories.
My delegation concerns that hundreds of cases involving aboriginal women who have gone missing or been murdered in the past two decades have neither been fully investigated nor attracted priority attention, with the perpetrators enjoy impunity.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran remains seriously concerned that the status of indigenous peoples remains largely unchanged and the related government approach towards natives, even after endorsing the UN declaration of indigenous people’s rights have not shown any progress. Iran urges the Canadian authorities to live up to its commitments under the international human rights law and to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms of all Canadian people, especially ethnic and religious minorities. The Islamic Republic of Iran is especially condemns the alarming trends of Islamophobia within Canada. Arab and Muslim communities are increasingly targeted, profiled and subjected to inequality.
In the field of economic and cultural rights, systematic violation of rights of millions Canadians continues especially children to be violated. It is regrettable that based on the findings of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to food, in 21st century millions of Canadians are enduring some measures of deprivation, from dire poverty to struggling to make ends meet, including children.
With such abysmal records of human rights, it shouldn’t seem to be strange that recently the Canadian officials have called on the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Palestine to either withdraw his recent report to the General Assembly or resign from his position at the United Nations.
Ignoring the established criteria of human rights to the detriment of the oppressed people of Palestine, who are for more than 60 years suffering from the gravest form of violation of human rights in the world, indicate nothing but political manipulation, to the extent that it insists on resigning of the special mandate holder on the situation of human rights in Occupied Palestinian Territories.
The Islamic Republic of Iran call upon Canadian government to take all necessary measures to implement the concluding observations of the CRC that have not been implemented particularly those related to reservations, legislation, coordination, data collection, independent monitoring, non – discrimination, corporal punishment, family environment, adoption, economic exploitation, and administration of juvenile justice.
The Islamic Republic of Iran remains deeply concern over the worsening situation of the human rights in the UK, which still suffers from grave human rights shortfalls. The human rights violations cast a dark shadow over this country’s foreign policies and practices. Foreign interventions, the shameful policy of extending a handto repressive regime, equip the armed and terrorist groups with British – made firearms and training of security forces to crash peaceful assemblies and protests and targeted killings of women and children in the Middle East and North Africa. These policies and practices are allviolation of both the international human rights law and humanitarian law. Furthermore, correspondence founded in Libya a underscores the need for an effective inquiry by the United Nations human rights mechanisms into the UK complicity in rendition and overseas torture.
A number of cases over the past decade demonstrate clearly why the actions of UK armed forces overseas should be bound by the UK’s wider international human rights commitments. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran would like to raise concern on the fact that the UK government is attempting to introduce far-reaching and disturbing interventions reforms through the Justice and security Bill. This bill would widen the use of secret hearing in the civil courts when national security grounds are invoked, excluding the person affected and his or her lawyer from the courtroom, thereby undermining a basic principle of justice, that is: the ability to know the case against you. The Bill would also prevent disclosure of material showing UK involvement in wrongdoing by other countries. However the detail of the Bill makes clear that the intention of the UK government is to ensure that if abuses are repeated in future they will not see the light of day in UK courts.
When it comes to freedom of expression on the internet, the UK seems to have lost its way. Recent prosecutions for material posted on social media websites and internet forum raise troubling questions about the state of law and limits of free expression in the England. It must be puzzling and discouraging to people around the world to see people in the UK being sent to jail for speaking their minds.
The Universal Periodic Review of the UK founded out a range of concerns including counterterrorism legislation and policies, as well as others in which the UK is failing to its obligations to promote and protect women’s human rights. Women claiming asylum on gender-related grounds continue to be detained and subject to an accelerated procedure, in which claims are decided in just a few days, impeding their ability to adequately prepare often complex asylum claims and obtain medical evidence. We regret that the UK rejected the recommendations to avoid detention under the fast-track asylum procedure. We urge the UK government to ensure implementation of the recommendations it has accepted, and to keep under review the recommendations it has rejected with a view to bringing its counterterrorism law and practice fully in line with international human rights standards and to taking concrete steps to improve the rights of women domestic workers and asylum seeker in the UK.
Based on the report of the Council of Europe in the UK there are indications that increasing number of people mainly children are being victims of human trafficking into the UK for the purpose of sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, benefit fraud, cannabis farming and forced begging and stealing.
The UK cannot be a strong and credible champion for human rights across the world- as it claims to be- when many of its politicians and its newspapers seek to weaken the application of human rights law and to undermine the institutions that safeguard human rights for people living inside and outside its borders.
To date, the EU and its member states have often proved unwilling to tackle human rights abuses at home, including right to peaceful protests and demonstrations, inadequate protection for migrants, discrimination against Roma, deteriorating media freedom, and racist violence. The worrying trends on human rights in the EU region raises concerns in the areas of migration and asylum, discrimination and intolerance and counter terrorism policy. Declining respect for rights, weak enforcement when violation occurs, the growing influence of extremist parties, and the retreat from the idea that rights apply equally to everyone amount to a crisis that demands urgent action.
The Islamic Republic of Iran remains concern that the extremism remains strong across the EU region, corroding mainstream politics, especially on issues related to Roma, Muslims, and migrants. Unfortunately EU governments frequently responded by echoing these parties. In Czech Republic the Roma faced increasingly overt public hostility, as well as segregation in schools and housing, discrimination in employment and forced eviction.
Regrettably, new laws in France and Belgium banning full- face Muslim veils entered into force, in a year when French officials declared multiculturalism a failed policy. The minority youth, including children as young as 13, are subjected to frequent stops involving lengthy questioning, invasive body pat-downs, and the search of personal belongings. The main concern rises when these arbitrary stops take places even in the absence of any indication of wrongdoing.
The gravity and continuation of economic crisis in the EU region and the widening welfare and economy distance between west and east of the EU has had devastating impact on the civil, political as well as economic and social rights and fundamental freedoms of the European Union people including in Greece, Spain and Portugal. Unfortunately this situation has raised attacks against migrants. Despite clear patterns to the violence and evidence that it is increasing, the EU officials have failed to respond effectively to protect victims and hold perpetrators to account. Furthermore, the victims were discouraged from filing official complaints.
The Islamic Republic of Iran seriously is concerns that the people demonstrating peacefully in European Union countries have been beaten, kicked, shot and wounded with rubber bullets and sprayed with tear gas, yet excessive use of force by police goes uninvestigated by the EU authorities. We also remain concern over the excessive use of force against the peacefulprotests of the Journalists, arbitrary detention and the obstruction of access to medical assistance and call on governments of the EU countries to stop this human rights violations. The Islamic Republic of Iran remind the EU authorities to shoulder up their responsibility to ensure that everyone within their territories can enjoy the right to peaceful assembly.
The sad truth is that the European Union governments set aside at home when they prove inconvenient, especially those of vulnerable minorities and migrants, and brush aside criticism of abuse.
Norway still suffers the extensive use of holding cells, violence against women and trafficking of men, women and children.
Far and away, the United States human rights record is the world’s worst spotted. The Islamic Republic of Iran remains concerned over the reports on the persecutions of the Occupy Wall Street Movement activists. The freedoms of assembly and expression are human beings‘ rights enshrined in the ICCPR. The aggressive, unnecessary and excessive police force against peaceful protesters and journalists, unjustified closure of public space, dispersal of peaceful assemblies and failures to ensure accountability for those allegedly responsible for abuses violate assembly and expression rights of the US citizens and breach the U.S. government’s international legal obligations to respect those rights.
While, the US government has frequently criticized other governments for violating their international legal obligations to uphold protest rights, its ownrestriction of protest in the U.S. cities exposes its inherent double standard. Considering its unprecedented record level of Human Rights abuses and violations, as well as atrocities around the world, the Islamic Republic of Iran firmly believes that the US can not be a human rights advocate in the HRC. Therefore, we encourages the US to withdraw its candidacy for election to the Human Rights Council.
The Islamic Republic of Iran notes that the United States is party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which it commits to threatening juvenile offenders differently than adults. Therefore we encourage the US government to reconsider the Pennsylvania Senate Bill 850, which would maintain life without parole sentences as an option for child offenders. Based on this Bill a 15 year old sentenced for murder in Pennsylvania will only have a chance to be released at the age of 50 which means that one will spent at least 35 years behind bars, more than twice his age at the time of his crime.
Finally, Mr. Chairman, the Islamic Republic of Iran, continue to monitor the situation of human rights throughout the world particularly in Canada, US, UK, as well as the EU where the gravest violation of human rights happens. While promotion and protection of human rights remain the main responsibility of each and every member states of the United Nations, no country would be in a position to claim its record is free from human rights deficiencies. Therefore it would be more wise for so called human rights champions to first look at home and address their shortcomings in the field of human rights.