2 November 2012
Explanation of Vote of the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran
On Draft Resolution:
“Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East”
At the 67th Session of the First Committee
New York, 2 November 2012
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Mr. Chairman, I would like to explain the position of my delegation regarding draft resolution entitled: “Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East”, contained in document: A/C.1/67/L.1. As it is well known, establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East was proposed by Iran in 1974. Since then, the General Assembly has uninterruptedly adopted resolutions endorsing this proposal. Through such resolutions, the Assembly has recognized that the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East would greatly enhance international peace and security. Likewise, the Assembly, in its historic Final Document of the First Special Session Devoted to Disarmament in 1978, reaffirmed that “Pending the establishment of such a zone in the region, States of the region should solemnly declare that they will refrain on a reciprocal basis from producing, acquiring or in any other way possessing nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices and from permitting the stationing of nuclear weapons on their territory by any third party, and agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards.” However, it is a source of grave concern that despite repeated calls by the international community, in particular by the IAEA, the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation, Review Conferences of States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as the successive Summit and Ministerial Conferences of the Non-Aligned Movement, as the only non-NPT party in the region, the Zionist Regime which has officially acknowledged the possession of nuclear weapons and enjoys the full support of the United States and certain western countries, in particular in the so-called Security Council and elsewhere, has neither acceded to the NPT, nor placed its un-safeguarded nuclear facilities under the safeguards of the IAEA, and consequently, no progress has been made so far in the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East. Since the Zionist Regime is the only source of threat and the only obstacle for the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone in the Middle East, we firmly believe that at the 2012 Conference on the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East, there should be strong pressure on that regime, to eliminate all its nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without any further delay and condition and as a non-nuclear-weapon party, and place all its nuclear facilities under the IAEA safeguards in order to pave the way for the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free zone in the Middle East. It is ironic that countries like Canada, United States or Members of the European Union who have kept deadly silence on the clandestine nuclear weapons program and un-safeguarded nuclear installations of the Zionist regime, made baseless allegations against exclusively peaceful and safeguarded nuclear program of my country which we categorically reject them all. Indeed, the United States or Member States of the European Union that either have nuclear weapons or host nuclear warheads in clear violation of the NPT and have been in non-compliance with the NPT for years are not entitled to express concern over Iran’s exclusively peaceful nuclear program.
I thank you Mr. Chairman.