1 November 2012
Mr. Hossein Gharibi
Counsellor, Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran
On behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement
67th Session of the United Nations General Assembly
on Agenda Item 71:
“Report of the International Court of Justice”
New York, 1 November 2012
I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The Non-Aligned Movement attaches great importance to the agenda item 71 entitled “Report of the International Court of Justice” and takes note of the report contained in document A/67/4 regarding the activities of the court between First of August 2011 to 31st of July 2012 as requested by decision of the Assembly last year. I would also like to thank the President of the International Court of Justice for his presentation of the report to the Assembly.
The Non-Aligned Movement reaffirms and underscores its principled positions concerning peaceful settlement of disputes, and non-use or threat of use of force. The International Court of Justice has a significant role in promoting and encouraging the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means, as reflected in the United Nations Charter, and in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.
The Movement endeavors to generate further progress to achieve full respect for international law and, in this regard, commends the role of ICJ in promoting the peaceful settlement of international disputes, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the UN Charter and the Statute of the Court, in particular, articles 33 and 94 of the Charter.
In regard to advisory opinions of the Court, the NAM urges the Security Council to make greater use of the ICJ, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, as a source of advisory opinions and interpretation of relevant norms of international law, and on controversial issues. It further requests the Council to use the Court as a source of interpreting relevant international law, and also urges the Council to consider its decisions be reviewed by the Court, bearing in mind the need to ensure their adherence to the UN Charter, and international law.
The Movement also invites the General Assembly, other organs of the United Nations and the specialized agencies duly authorized, to request advisory opinions of the International Court of Justice on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.
The Non-Aligned Movement reaffirms the importance of the unanimous conclusion of the ICJ issued on 8 July 1996 on the ‘Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons’. On this, the ICJ concluded that there exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all aspects under strict and effective international control.
The Non-Aligned Movement continues to call for full respect by Israel, the occupying Power, Member States, and the United Nations, of the 9 July 2004 ICJ advisory opinion entitled “Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory”, and to consider the possibilities for requesting a further advisory opinion from the ICJ regarding the prolonged Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territory since 1967.
I thank you