19 October 2012
Mr . Mohammad Reza Sahraei
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
On the agenda item 51: “International cooperation in the
peaceful uses of outer space”
67th Session of the United Nations General Assembly
New York- October 19, 2012
In the Name of God the Compassionate the Merciful
Since this is the first time that I take the floor, I would like to congratulate you on your election as the Chair of the special political and decolonization Committee. My congratulations also go to other members of the Bureau.
The Islamic Republic of Iran attaches great importance to the international cooperation, particularly within the framework of the Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) for getting an optimal benefit of space-based applications. Iran as one of the first members of the COPUOS stands ready to continue its endeavours and to make an active contribution in this regard.
The outer space as the province of all mankind should be kept open to all States for peaceful purposes and to take advantage of potential benefits therein. The Islamic Republic of Iran is fully convinced that the international endeavours to promote peaceful use of outer space will only come to desired results, if fully supported by initiatives and efforts to prevent a possible arms race. Weaponization of outer space constitutes a major threat to all mankind, given the fact that it would finally lead to an arms race similar to what we are witnessing on the earth. Therefore, all efforts should be done in order to secure the use of outer space solely for the purposes of the wellbeing and prosperity of all nations around the world.
We are perfectly aware of the substantial contribution of satellite products to the well being of all mankind and to the socio-economic development of all counties. At the same time we recall that these activities should be carried out in a manner compatible with the sovereign rights of States, including the principle of non-intervention as enshrined in the relevant UN instruments.
Given the key role of outer space and the space-based activities in the future as well as major reliance of states on the space as a pillar for development, without taking advantage of the outer space, attaining sustainable development in the future would not come true. For promoting scientific and technical cooperation, it is necessary to remedy the existing shortcomings in treaties and principles governing space activities, as the technology advances and the activities and number of actors go up. In this regard, it is also necessary to take into consideration the innovative proposals or steps.
We strongly believe that any initiative on outer space which has an impact on Member states` peaceful activities in outer space should be multilaterally negotiated in the framework of the COPUOS. Iran gives a high priority to capacity-building, which we convinced, plays an essential role in sustainable development of space technology. In this context, Iran has paid much more attention to regional activities, over the past years. With the valuable cooperation of UNOOSA, several workshops and symposia on the space law, UN-SPIDER and applications of space science and technology have been organized in Iran. Meanwhile, the Islamic Republic of Iran hosted a workshop on “Use of Space Technology for Human Health Improvement” on 23-26 October 2011 in Tehran. Co-organizers of workshop were United Nations Office for outer space and Iranian Space Agency. Promoting an awareness of the use of space technology applied to health care and review benefits for such applications as tele-epidemiology, telehealth/telemedicine and tele–education in medicine, was the prime objective of the workshop.
Also, the 6th Council Meeting of Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) was held successfully in Tehran, on 17-18 July 2012, hosted by Iranian Space Agency. Members of the Council from all nine Member States and Signatory States participated in this event. Conducting close cooperation within the framework of APSCO is a sign of hope to enhancement of international cooperation in the field of space activities.
With regard to the Space-System-Based Disaster Management Support under the acronym of UN-SPIDER, Iran as a disaster prone country, which faces a particularly hazardous situation resulting from various types of natural disasters, realizes the considerable merit of the UN-SPIDER programme in addressing disaster management. We would like to express satisfaction on the progressive trend of implementation of UN-SPIDER programs. Iran’s Office is an active partner in the region to implement UN-SPIDER programs and supports its progressive works .
The Islamic Republic of Iran made a remarkable advancement in space science and technology based on its own capability and indigenous knowledge. Last year the Iran’s Space Structure laboratory and Aerospace Center which is considered as the largest of its kind in the Middle East, inaugurated.
All those national projects are developing based on domestic capacities and capabilities engineered to reach an operational satellite. Navid-e-Elm and San’at (promise of Science and Technology) satellite is the latest one which designed and manufactured with integrated systematic management of Iranian Space Agency and in collaboration with Islamic Iranian scientists and youths in University of Science and Technology. Mission of Navid satellite is defined in the fields of atmosphere and meteorological sciences and natural disasters. Moreover, within the framework of targeted development programs on space technology, several projects on student satellite have been carried out.
The Islamic Republic of Iran was among the countries which actively contributed to the space exhibition and Commemorative segment. In this regard, we underline the context of issued Declaration on the Fiftieth Anniversary of Human Space Flight and the Fiftieth Anniversary of the COPUOS.
To conclude, I would like to express our sincere hope for the successful and satisfactory conclusion of the Special Committee. I assure you of my delegation’s fullest cooperation to this end.
I thank you Mr. Chairman