18 October 2012
Mr. Mojtaba Alibabaee
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
On Agenda Item 22: Globalization and Interdependence
Before the Second Committee of the
67th Session of the General Assembly
(New York –18 October 2012)
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset My delegation would like to associate itself with the statement made by Algeria on behalf of the Group 77 and China . My delegation also would like to thank the Secretary General for the reports submitted under this important agenda item (A/67/274 and A/67/254). We hope that these reports will help our deliberations.
Globalization continues to present opportunities, challenges and risks to the future and viability of developing countries .The process of globalization and trade liberalization has produced uneven benefits among and within States while the global economy has been characterized by slow and lopsided growth and instability. Furthermore, it has made the developing countries more vulnerable to the adverse impact of the financial and economic crises.
Today we are concerned, by the multiple interrelated and mutually exacerbating global crises, which have a negative impact on the development prospects of developing countries. This situation threats to further widen the gap between developed and developing countries.
Although globalization can be a powerful and dynamic force for strengthening cooperation and accelerating growth and development, it nevertheless presents many risks and challenges especially to developing countries. It is argued that globalization has brought economic prosperity to developing countries, meanwhile a large portion of developing world is still apparently marginalized. Furthermore, the globalization, through interdependence, has made the developing countries more vulnerable to the adverse impacts of external fluctuations and instabilities originated mostly from industrialized countries and their policies. Without any intention to depict a grimy picture, it is evident that poverty, hunger, unemployment, illiteracy and pandemic diseases prevail in many parts of the developing world.
Globalization in its present form, perpetuates or even increases the marginalization of developing countries. Therefore, it must be guided and transformed into a positive force for change, benefiting all countries, and contributing to the prosperity and empowerment of developing countries, not their continued impoverishment and dependence on the developed world.
In addition, greater efforts must be made to generate a global strategy to prioritize and mainstream the development dimension into global processes, and in the relevant multilateral institutions in order to enable developing countries to benefit from the opportunities offered by globalization and trade liberalization, including through the creation of an enabling external economic environment for development which requires greater coherence between the international trading, monetary and financial systems that should be universal, open, equitable, non-coercive, rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory.
My delegation is on the view that the United Nations, with its universal membership, should continue to be the main platform for discussing those challenges and for creating new policy options. Therefore we think the strengthening of the United Nations and its role in international cooperation for development is essential to respond to current and future challenges and opportunities emanating from the process of globalization. The United Nations needs to improve its capabilities and capacities to fully implement its mandates and to ensure the effective delivery of its programs in the social and economic development field.
International Community should strive against cultural homogenization as well as sovereignty of a specific culture in the context of globalization, through increased intercultural dialogue, respect values and exchange of views, guided by the principals of enhancing respect for all and observance of cultural diversity.
Globalization and increasing interdependence make it once more evident that our challenges are common, and for global solution we need collective and concerted action.
In this context my delegation reaffirms the need to continue working towards a new international economic order based on the principles of equity, sovereignty, interdependence, common interest, cooperation and solidarity among all States. We call for the enhancement of the voice and participation of developing countries in international economic decision-making and norm-setting.
I thank you Mr. Chairman