10 October 2012
Statement by H. E. Mr. Eshagh Alhabib Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
On the Agenda Items 103 and 104: Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice
And International Drug Control
Sixty-seventh Session of the United Nations of General Assembly
New York 10th October 2012
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Ladies & Gentleman,
Today, corruption, organized crime and related problems are major impediments to the achievement Millennium Development Goals. Corruption as a matter of global concern, weakens the rule of law, and has a negative impact on national economies. It also undermines social fabrics and ethical values at large. In this regard, adoption of the UN Convention against Corruption signals an important step forward. This convention provides a unique legal framework for multilateral cooperation against corruption, including through mutual legal assistance, confiscation and extradition of illegally acquired assets.
Drug trafficking is one of the most important of these crimes that poses major risks and inflicts heavy losses on the societies in every economic, social, political and security aspects and The Islamic Republic of Iran renews its call upon the international community to cooperate and support transit states on the basis of this principle and in full conformity with Article 10 of the 1988 convention.
The Islamic Republic of Iran bordering 1800 kilometers with the so-called Gold Crescent countries – including 936 kilometers of common borders with Afghanistan and 909 kilometers with Pakistan – stands wholeheartedly to combating drug abuse and smuggling worldwide. My country has taken enormous drug trafficking measures on the national level. We have mobilized 30,000 troops of our military and law enforcement forces along the joint borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan and have also reinforced and re-managed the fortifications, facilities and intelligent control systems in transit and border check-points, in order to prevent the entry of trafficking caravans into the country and annihilate them in case of infiltration. More than 400 kilometers of embankments along the borders, 800 kilometers of deep canals, 90 kilometers of concrete walls and 20 kilometers of barriers, as well as 140 kilometers of barbed wire fencing, are just some of the controlling and security measures taken by the Islamic Republic of Iran along its eastern borders, which were visited by Mr. Fedotov, the Executive Director of UNODC, during his trip to Iran in July 2011.
Based on UNODC reports such as World Drug Report 2012, more than 80% of the global opium seizure and 30% of world heroin seizure are made by the anti-narcotics forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Islamic Republic of Iran in 2011 has managed to seize 374 tons of opium, 23 tons of heroin, 7 tons of morphine, , 57 tons of cannabis, 4 tons of crystal and Methamphetamines and 4 tons of crystal precursor chemicals.
The Islamic Republic of Iran hosts comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment and care services for Afghan refugee drug users, and for returnees which has been established and strengthened by UNODC.
The traffickers endanger the stability and peace of the eastern borders of Islamic Republic of Iran by their vicious activities, including: large motorized convoys, Norco-camel and mule caravans, motorbike convoys, speed-boats’ shipments, and some individuals by conveying backpacks and also swallowing certain amounts of drugs.
On the national level, the massive and large counter-measures of the Islamic Republic of Iran against such drug consignments and various narcotic- trafficking networks is recognized in the repeated international bodies’ reports, which are, inter-alia, through curtailing such illicit businesses by increasing the risk of the operations for the international smuggling networks.
On regional cooperation, Iran has collaborated with its neighboring countries, as well as ‘Balkan Route’ countries. It is also worth mentioning that, two regional information exchange centers are based in Iran, namely the Anti-Narcotic Police and Drug control Headquarters (DCHQ), which are fully engaged in information sharing and exchange with Drug Liaison Officers (DLOs) of the region and neighboring countries. In this regard, the Islamic Republic of Iran has held eight rounds of International Conference of Drug Liaison Officers, the latest of which was in Tehran in May 2009.
Moreover, my country would like to highlight the significant contribution made by the Triangular Initiative by the Islamic Republic of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan and the Joint Planning Cell (JPC) in providing a strategic regional response to combat trafficking. The JPC is tasked with guiding Triangular Initiative operations and has managed to plan and direct 15 simultaneous operations by the Islamic Republic of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan till the end of 2011.
Since the formation of the Triangular Initiative in 2007, five ministerial meetings and eight senior officials meetings of anti-narcotics forces have been held by the three countries. The sixth ministerial meeting and the ninth senior officials’ meeting of this initiative are due to be held in Tehran in 5 and 6 of November 2012.
In order to more effectively counter the scourge of illicit drugs, the Triangular Initiative intends to incorporate the area of demand reduction as a new ground for joint cooperation among the three countries and also activate the campaign for combating maritime smuggling.
My country is of the view that despite the significance of current strategies for combating drugs such as regional cooperation, demand reduction and precursor chemicals control, the problem of drugs cannot be resolved without taking the root causes of the problem in Afghanistan into account.
The narcotic drugs originating from Afghanistan is not targeting neighboring countries only, it affects other countries far away from the region as well. Considerable amounts of various types of opiates, including morphine, which have no internal consumption in Iran, are destined for the European countries, although routinely inspected and confiscated by the Iranian anti-narcotic police. Therefore, it should be considered as a shared responsibility that each country has to play its own part in order to tackle this global problem collectively. To that effect, granting financial contribution and technical support to Iran, as the shortest transit route to the western market, is of the great importance.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairman,
The Islamic Republic of Iran, once more, emphasizes its strong determination to combat against organized crimes including drug trafficking, and announces its readiness to cooperate with others to resolve decisively such problems of global concern.
I thank you, Mr. Chairman.