28 September 2012
Statement by H.E. Dr. Ali-Akbar Salehi
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran
at the Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of Foreign Ministers
of the Group of 77 and China
(New York – 28 September 2012)
In the Name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Mr. Minister, dear colleagues,
At the outset, I would like to congratulate to Fiji for being elected as the Chair of the G77 and China for the year 2013. I also wish to express my appreciation to the current Chair, Algeria, for the excellent job done so far and wish for further successes in the remaining months of its chairmanship..
Taking into account the universal membership, legitimacy and mandate of the United Nations and the fact that resolving the complex multifaceted crises the world is confronting with goes beyond might of any single power or group of countries, UN seems more relevant than ever. However, there should be no complacency on its need to reform.
the principles of such reform are undisputable: the trio of inclusiveness, transparency and effectiveness as inextricably interlinked components are essential to strengthen the central role of the UN in the global economic and security governance. Promoting one at the expense of the others will be unacceptable. An all-inclusive organization with little effectiveness considered as undesirable as an effective but exclusive body.
In improving the UN, it is important to reflect on the new realities including the changes in the structure of the world economic and political power, but more important is making the UN deliver in critical areas such as promotion of economic growth; ending poverty, hunger and inequality; tackling environment degradation; combating drugs; enhancing health and so on and so forth. The UN is yet to become a point of reference for the weakest countries, than a tool of choice in the hand of more powerful ones to legitimize their acts and to promote their wills and values.
Concerns on the future of multilateralism emanates from two main sources. The first is the increasing absence of compromise shown in the camp of developed countries. They are becoming more and more hard in their positions. The recent negotiations of UNCTAD XIII and Rio+20 can be seen as part of a pattern noticeable for a while in the UN. Such hardening of the positions could be partly attributed to the financial problems they face at home. However, it does not reflect the whole picture. It seems that multilateralism is loosing its appeal for some developed countries since they can resolve the issues they are interested in through other mechanisms.
This leads me to the other concern for the future of multilateralism. It is the increasing desire to take global issues to exclusive bodies with limited membership and participation. We see an urgent need to uphold the values of inclusive, transparent and effective multilateralism. Otherwise, there is the risk of compromising representation of the weakest and the poorest Member States.
Taking into account such trends and the upcoming discussions on the post 2015 development agenda of the United Nations, the spirit of solidarity in the Group of 77 and China must be preserved and strengthened.
G77 and China as the sole universal body of the developing world in the realm of development, reflects common interests and concerns of its members. Whenever they stood united, achievement of desirable results, to a large extent have become possible.
In the face of the multifaceted global challenges, upholding the Group’s unity can serve each and every member State. We need to avoid looking at the Group as a tool of convenience and make sure that the Group corresponds constantly to the common interests of the whole developing world.
Thank you very much.