28 June 2012
Statement by Mr. Hossein Gharibi
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
before the General Assembly on Agenda item 118:
“The United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy”
(New York, 28 June 2012)
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
I would like to align myself with the statement delivered by the Permanent Representative of Syria on behalf of the Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. My delegation also takes note of the Secretary General’s report A/66/762 which contains an update on measures taken to implement the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy within the last two years. We firmly believe that the Strategy should be implemented in a balanced way under the auspices of the General Assembly as the only UN organ with universal membership. It is in this regard that we highly encourage Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force to better interact with the entire Member States on a regular basis in order to gain more support in the overall implementation of the Strategy, and to strengthen the sense of ownership to all members.
The Islamic Republic of Iran has been a victim of terrorism for decades and still suffering from terrorist attacks under different forms and manifestations, including State terrorism. As a target of terrorism sponsored by certain States, we fully understand the untold consequences of acts of terrorism for the victims and for the society at large. We have a high regard for the large number of Iranian victims of terrorism in numerous terrorist incidents, and the Government has taken all possible measures to address their concern properly. The victims are best evidence of failed policies of terrorist groups and those who support them.
Just few months ago, on 11 January 2012, a professional Iranian scientist, late Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, fell victim to a terrorist attack in Tehran. The victim was a chemical engineer and had served as deputy director of a nuclear industry facility in Iran. In the incident, two other innocent people were seriously injured, one of whom died later at a hospital as a result of his wounds. It was not the first time that an Iranian scientist has come under malicious terrorist attacks. Such crimes have been committed on several occasions by those true sponsors of State terrorism as a means to serve their political purposes. However, it is regrettable that such horrific terrorist incidents have seen least reaction from those who are to take all possible measures to combat terrorism.
The case just mentioned is among one of the very examples that shows a main challenge in countering terrorism: double standard and simply categorizing good and bad terrorism based on the immediate political interests. Selective or double standard approaches in dealing with terrorism should be strictly rejected and we warn that such approaches could undermine international trust and cooperation in countering terrorism. The international community should come to the point to have a unified approach in fighting this scourge in an indiscriminate manner. It is indeed a key in advancing a worldwide fight against terrorism.
It is very disturbing that despite long campaigns made at various fronts, the threat of terrorism continues to affect our societies and we still seem to be far from uprooting this menace. For decades a number of root causes and factors have led or contributed to the spread of terrorism. Unlawful use of force by some States, foreign aggression and occupation as well as foreign interference and meddling in internal affairs of other States are among such causes and factors, to name a few. Unlawful use of force and occupation as well as excessive and/or disproportionate use of military force in the name of countering terrorists prepares ground for vicious cycles of violence and terrorism.
I would emphasize that terrorism should not be equated with the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation for self-determination and national liberation. The brutalization of people remaining under foreign occupation should continue to be denounced as the gravest form of terrorism, and the use of State power for the suppression and violence against peoples struggling in opposition to foreign occupation and in exercising their inalienable right to self-determination should continue to be condemned. My delegations is very keen to see more attention and best possible measures to be taken under the pillar number one of the Strategy to that end.
Moreover, fighting terrorism should not be misused to advance other agendas. We are of the view that countering terrorism should be done in full conformity with the United Nations Charter and international law, international human rights and humanitarian law. The rule of law and respect for civilian’s rights and humanitarian law should be our guiding principles in fighting terrorism which has been well emphasized under the pillar four of the Strategy.
Iran is serious to employ all possible means to fight terrorism and strengthen international cooperation to that end. In this regard, I would like to recall the International Conference on the Global Fight against Terrorism that was held right this time last year in Tehran with the participation of high level delegations from more than 70 States, international and regional organizations as well as prominent experts from all over the world.
The purpose of the Tehran Conference was to exchange views on the global fight against terrorism and find practical ways to further mobilize political will and strengthen international capacities in countering terrorism at national and international levels. The final summarized outcome of the Conference has been circulated as a document of the General Assembly and of the Security Council. As it was stressed in Tehran Conference, vicious attempts to associate or attribute terrorism to a particular culture, religion or nationality is deplorable and would only lead to distrust, hatred and division among nations as well as giving a leeway to terrorists. The Conference welcomed all initiatives that seek to promote dialogue among civilizations, cultures and religions. The more consensus on the various aspects of terrorism the better result we would be able to achieve out of our joint efforts.
As we have successfully accomplished the third biennial review of the Strategy these days, we must dedicatedly follow national, regional and global plans to implement the Strategy in a comprehensive way with the cooperation of all, in a balanced manner, with sufficient attention to the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, and to avoid double standards and discrimination for the better and lasting results.
I thank you.