25 January 2012
Statement by Mr. Mojtaba Alibabaee
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
at the initial consultation on the zero draft
of the Outcome Document of the UN Conference
on sustainable development
(New York, 25 January 2012)
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset, my delegation would like to associate itself with the statement made by Algeria on behalf of the G 77 and China.
Also I appreciate the efforts made by the co-chairs and Bureau members of the Preparatory Committee in submitting the zero draft of Rio+20 outcome document in a timely manner.
My delegation believes that one of the major current challenges is the ongoing economic and financial crisis and its impacts, which is the result of the current international financial system.
In this context, my delegation reaffirms the urgent need to address in the document the lack of proper regulation and monitoring of the financial sectors, lack of transparency and financial integrity and unsustainable patterns of consumption and production in developed countries.
These economic repercussions have also aggravated poverty, social exclusion, increased unequal distribution of income and wealth, and undermined efforts to implement sustainable development. Therefore we call for the reform of the global financial system and architecture towards a new international economic order based on the principles of Justice, sovereign equality, common interest, cooperation and solidarity among States.
Islamic Republic of Iran believes that the outcome document needs to include a real assessment why many of commitments of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio 1992 as well as the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, 2002, were not realized to their full potential? What has prevented the international community from moving forward on agreements? How we can encourage the political wills towards the implementation of commitments for the sake of our planet, our life and our next generations?
The outcome document of the Conference of Rio shall achieve the objectives of securing renewed political commitment for sustainable development, assessing the progress to date and the remaining gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development and addressing new and emerging challenges.
My delegation believes that the zero draft did not address properly the problem of desertification and draught in Asia and Africa. We are aware of the need to cooperate at the global and regional levels, with a view to preventing and managing dust storms and sandstorms through the sharing of related information, forecasting and early warning systems.
My delegation believes that the renewed political commitments in Rio should lead to the full implementation of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Program for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development and should fully support national policy and efforts to achieve sustainable development.
The Rio Conference should identify a framework of action focused on implementation and full integration of the three pillars of sustainable development and in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, in order to achieve tangible outcomes.
My delegation believes that the draft lacks ambition and action oriented language, especially in terms of the means of implementation and the full integration of the three pillars of sustainable development, namely economic, social and environmental pillars. It did not reflect also all the relevant outcomes of conferences and summits dealing with these pillars, including the three convention of Rio: UNFCCC, CBD and UNCCD.
The lack of integration of the three pillars and ambiguity about the implementation of the commitments of sustainable development, have led to the scale and gravity of global challenges, especially climate change, threatening the ability of developing countries to achieve the MDGs .
Finally my delegation deeply committed to furthering the success of Rio+20 and hope outcome of Rio+20 become another important milestone in the course of global sustainable development.