1 December 2011
Statement by Mr. Tofigh Sedigh Mostahkam
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
before the General Assembly Plenary Meeting on the Agenda Items 120 &121:
Revitalization of the Work of the General Assembly
(New York – 1 December 2011)
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
My delegation would like to associate itself with the statement delivered by the distinguished Permanent Representative of Algeria to the United Nations on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement on this very Agenda Item.
Let me also express my gratitude to the distinguished Permanent Representatives of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines as well as the Republic of Lithuania for their tireless efforts in co-chairing the Ad-Hoc working Group on the Revitalization of the General Assembly during the sixty-fifth session.
As to the agenda item under consideration in today’s plenary, I wish to delve into few observations:
1. Despite many efforts during the past years to enhance the role, authority, effectiveness and efficiency of this Assembly, it still remains far from accomplishment of the main tasks, comprising inter alia enhancement of the role and authority of the GA and streamlining the relationship between the GA and other principal organs of the UN.
2. Based on reviewing different UN resolutions on revitalization of the GA, it is well evident that a great number of them deal with the role and authority of the General Assembly. This clearly demonstrates how important the enhancement of the role and authority of this Organ is for the general membership. Hence, we should not neglect the great importance of this issue and thus should explore concrete ways and means for full respect for the functions and powers of the General Assembly as stipulated in the Charter of the UN.
3. As to the relationship between the GA and other principal organs of the UN, the particular relationship between the GA and the Security Council has been a matter of extensive debate especially during various process of the UN reform for many years. A good number of the GA resolutions set certain criteria to clarify the relationship between these two important principal organs of the UN. The UN Charter in itself confers on both organs important functions and responsibilities. Nonetheless, in recent years, we have been witnessing the gradual but constant encroachment by the Security Council on the functions and the powers of the GA as well as the other organs such as the ECOSOC. There are numerous cases that the Council has encroached on the powers and prerogatives of the Assembly and other bodies of the Organizations.
4. We are particularly concerned over the exercise of norm-setting, law-making and establishing definitions by the SC in areas beyond its competencies. Let me recall Article 13 of the Charter according to which the GA, as the only universal and representative organ comprising all Member States of the UN is primarily tasked with the progressive development of international law and its codification.
The Revitalization of the GA, as part of the comprehensive reform of the UN is a dynamic and continuous process. We should remain committed and constructive throughout this on-going exercise with the view to strengthening the role and authority of the Assembly as the chief deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN. My delegation would be prepared to actively participate in the discussion that will be transparent, open and inclusive.
I thank you.