30 November 2011
Statement by Mr. Mohammad Ali Mottaghi Nejad
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
under agenda item 36 entitled “Situation in the Middle East”
before the General Assembly of the United Nations
(New York – 30 November 2011)
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the MercifulMr. President, At the outset, and on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish to express our solidarity with the people of Palestine and admire the tireless efforts and unwavering determination of Palestinians in pursuing their national aspirations and defending their inalienable rights to statehood and to exercise sovereignty. I wish also to extend our appreciation to the Chairman and members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for their informative report presented to us and for their tireless efforts in addressing the onerous circumstances the people of Palestine are going through. Mr. President, For the sake of brevity, I would like to present our views and perspectives vis-à-vis the Palestine and the present situation in the Middle East, in the following numeric:
- The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that the settlement of the Palestinian crisis would be achievable only if the inalienable rights of the people of the occupied Palestine is fully recognized, restored and maintained. Regrettably, due to the lack of attention to the root causes of this crisis, it has been remained unsolved for more than six decades. There have been numerous reasons for such failure, which include the continued occupation of the Palestinian and other Arab occupied territories by the Israeli regime, as well as its persistent violations of the rights of the Palestinian people including the right to self-determination, especially the legitimate and inalienable right of the Palestinian refugees to return to their homeland. We believe that the only solution to the Palestinian issue and establishment of peace is restoration of the sovereignty right to Palestine and putting an end to occupation. The Palestinian people should be allowed to express their opinions freely regarding their fate and future and the kind of State and Government they want to have through a referendum with the participation of all Palestinian people.
- While condemning the Israeli blockade imposed on Gaza by land, sea and air, we believe that it is an aggressive and savage action that breaches all international laws and norms, constitutes a crime against humanity and poses a serious threat to international peace and security as well as to regional stability. The blockade also constitutes collective punishment that is unconditionally prohibited by Article 33 of the Fourth Geneva Convention dealing with the rights and obligations of belligerent obligation.
- Popular uprisings in the Middle East, demonstrate a pressing need for change. The aspiration of peoples for democracy, rule of law, independence, and rejection of foreign domination as well as their affection to Islamic values cannot remain unheeded. We believe that addressing the legitimate demands of the people through a peaceful and domestically-led political process and away from foreign interventions is the only way out of the crisis and avoiding violence.
- One of our prime objectives in our foreign policy is to strengthen the trust between the Islamic Republic of Iran and our neighbors and countries in the region through active engagement, interaction and partnership. The countries in the Middle East share common interests in the region’s security and long-term stability and each should play their role in promoting regional socio-economic development. Obviously, a stable and economically flourishing and prosperous Middle East would create an ideal situation to each and every country in the region to move in the path of development and economic growth. Our continued commitment towards brotherly relations and engagement with our Arab neighbors and regional partners in the areas of trade, economic development and infrastructural projects is thus a goal seriously pursued by my Government.
- Some attempts have been done by arrogant powers to saw discord and create divisions among nations in the Middle East region. They tried to divide peoples by fomenting sectarian, ethnical and religious differences. Despite the fact that the people in the region with diverse ethnic and religious diversity have lived together in harmony and coexistence for centuries. They want to harm brotherly relations among people and States in the region through creating fake phobias such as Iran-o-phobia with the purpose of selling more and more of their lethal and sophisticated armaments to the countries in our region and unnecessarily militarizing the volatile Middle East region. This trend is very dangerous and should seriously be avoided.
- Any foreign military adventurism by outside powers in the Middle East and any military intervention by the countries inside the region should be avoided for the sake of peace and stability in the region. We should step aside from making the Middle East as a platform for the military adventurism and expansionist policies.
- Iran is a leading nation in rejecting and opposing all kinds of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons. As a State party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Islamic Republic of Iran has on many occasions, including in this august Assembly, declared loudly and clearly that the nuclear weapons, as inhumane weapons, have no place in our defense mechanism. Furthermore, Iran has strived towards the realization of the nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East within the United Nations framework.
- 8. Israeli regime is unlawfully in possession of nuclear weapons and is the unique source of destabilization in the Middle East, given its past dark history of aggressions and crimes and atrocities it has committed over the past decades in the region. It is expected from this Assembly to condemn occupying regime for the possession of nuclear weapons, urging it to abandon nuclear weapons and call it to accede to the NPT without delay, and demand this regime to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards. Indeed, peace and stability cannot be achieved in the Middle East where the massive Israeli nuclear arsenals continue to threaten the region and beyond.