17 October 2011
Statement by Mr. Mojtaba Alibabaee
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Agenda Item 23
‘Eradication of Poverty and other Development issues’
before Second Committee of the 66th session
of the United Nations General Assembly
(17 October 2011, New York)
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset, my delegation would like to thank the Secretary General and his staff for the presentation of the reports on this agenda Item. Also I would like to associate my delegation with the statement made by the Permanent Mission of Argentina on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
Eradication poverty, as the greatest global challenges facing the world today, is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, in particular for developing countries. Concerted and concrete measures are required at all levels to enable developing countries to achieve the internationally agreed development goals including MDGs, and in particular the goal on poverty eradication.
A majority of developing countries are still confronted by numerous shared and common problems and great challenges such as extreme poverty, global food crisis and continued food insecurity, high level of unemployment, external debt burden, and lack of financial aid and climate change negative effects. According to the Secretary General report:
“At the rate of decline observed from 1990 to 2005, when the number of people living on less than $ 1.25 a day declined from 1.8 billion to 1.4 billion, it would take another 88 years to eradicate extreme poverty. In addition many individuals live just above the $ 1.25 a day poverty line, and a small shock can push them into poverty”.
As a matter of fact, in countries with high rate of inequality, growth does not help poverty reduction. In contrast, it even worsens poverty and inequalities. An inclusive development, therefore, is not something to be left to market forces. According to the Secretary General report:
“The impact of economic growth on poverty reduction depends, among other things, on how benefits of such growth are distributed among different sectors of society. In countries where the poor have excluded from economic growth processes or trapped in low-productivity jobs, the gains from growth have gone disproportionately to those who were already wealthier”.
On the subject of sustainable development, it is worth noting that eradicating poverty, changing unsustainable patterns of production and consumption and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are overarching objectives and essential requirements for sustainable development. The interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development as economic development, social development and environment production should be equally and evenly upheld and respected.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, we are of the view that meeting the MDGs target of eradication of poverty by 2015 requires steady economic growth and a more pro-poor policy. A number of governance reforms to create an enabling environment for poverty reduction are also necessary. It is important to expand growth in sectors that can generate greater employment.
In this regard and to implement the MDGs on poverty eradication, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has implemented the policy of allocation major amount of revenues from subsidy cuts to poor and less advanced areas of country. Such an action made a major contribution to create jobs in poor regions. These policies are in line with the goals of Agenda 21 on changing unsustainable patterns of production and consumption.
I Thank You