18 October 2010
Statement by Mr. Ahmad Rajabi
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
before the Second Committee
on Groups of Countries in Special situations (Agenda item 23 b)
(18 October 2010 – New York)
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
My delegation associates itself with the statement made by Yemen on behalf of G77 and China.
Transit transport is an importance issue in the current interdependent world. Nowadays, transit transport plays a major role for economic growth of landlocked and transit developing countries, insofar as it is believed that Transit transport development is equal to economic growth leading to the poverty alleviation, the first priority of MDGs, in landlocked and transit developing countries. Therefore, establishment of effective and efficient transit system is top priority of the both landlocked and transit developing countries. Taking into account that the main responsibility for establishing effective transit systems is based upon the landlocked and transit developing countries, seeking to create conditions in which resources can be generated, attracted and effectively mobilized to address their development challenges is purpose. But their efforts and cooperation need to be supported by the development partners and international and regional organizations in a spirit of shared responsibility. Therefore the Almaty Programme of Action constitutes a fundamental framework for genuine partnerships between landlocked and transit developing countries and their development partners at the national, bilateral, sub regional, regional and global levels.
The Iranian Plateau with its mountainous landscape has always been a natural obstacle to easy ways of communication. Nevertheless from ancient times up to the present, important trading routes have been finding their way through the region: among them the famous Silk Road. In this connection, Islamic Republic of Iran in the past three decades has invested gigantic amounts on road and railroad construction projects and connected remote areas to major cities. Through these roads, some of the land-locked neighboring countries are also connected to main ports. in line with the Promotion of lessons learning from existing regional infrastructure initiatives for encouraging integrated cross-border infrastructure investment, Islamic republic of Iran and ESCAP jointly set up two workshops, focusing on facilitation of rail and road transit transport; Iran is also on the verge of accession to the Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA) aiming at promoting and facilitating transit transport, to effectively implement the trade facilitation measures.
Islamic Republic of Iran as one of the most important transit developing countries with particular geographical position is hosting very important multimodal transportation routes that development and maintenance of them created great challenges .If these concerns and challenges are not addressed they will hamper the cooperation among transit developing countries and landlocked developing countries. Moreover development and maintenance of infrastructure require greater share of investment, financial assistance from donors, international financial institutions and development assistance agencies.
In conclusion, Madam Chair, addressing the transit transport challenges of developing countries requires a comprehensive approach. In this regard, investment in development and maintenance of infrastructure of transit transport of landlocked and transit developing countries by donors and development partners could be leading to promotion and facilitation of trade in regional and international levels.
I thank you