8 October 2010
Mr. MohammadReza Sahraei
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee)
on the Agenda Item 59 “Decolonization”
(8 October 2010- New York)
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset, allow me to join the previous speakers in congratulating you on your assumption to the chairmanship of this committee, and to express my confidence that your skillful leadership will lead us to a successful conclusion. I assure you of my delegation’s full support and cooperation during our deliberations in this Committee.
We associate ourselves with the statement made by the distinguished Permanent Representative of Egypt on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The process of decolonization as one of the founding mandates of the United Nations, enshrined in the UN Charter, has evolved over the years. We are swiftly approaching the end of the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism, by assisting nearly 750 million people to exercise their right to self-determination, and more than 80 colonized territories to gain their independence from colonial powers. The General Assembly and the Special Committee on Decolonization have played a significant role in the decolonization process, and have squarely succeeded in keeping this issue on the international agenda of the United Nations and the world’s public opinion. It is incumbent upon us to continue and strengthen this shining path, and to complete this unfinished task as we are approaching the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.
There are still 16 remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories under the purview of the General Assembly. The essential task of the United Nations at present is to accelerate the decolonization process in these Territories in accordance with relevant provisions of the United Nations Charter, Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, and also relevant General Assembly resolutions.
In our view, the implementation of the United Nations decolonization mandate requires collaborative efforts of the international community, the Administering Powers and the people of Non-Self-Governing Territories themselves. In this regard, the Administering Powers, on their part, have a significant and demanding task. They are responsible for political, economic, social and educational progress of the people of Non-Self-Governing Territories. While one of their main responsibilities is to protect the human and natural resources of those Territories against possible abuses, they should also make all necessary measures in order to avoid any situation that may negatively impact the interests of the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories, including their cultural and social integrity.
Furthermore, it is vital to note that military installations and activities of Administering Powers in some of Non-Self-Governing Territories run counter to the rights and interests of the peoples of those territories, and the impact of military activities on the environment, economic development and the health of their population, is a source of serious concern.
The Islamic Republic of Iran reiterates its full support to the activities and the hard work of the Special committee and to the decolonization process under the auspicious of the UN. We believe that the Special Committee should enhance its efficiency in order to adopt a more effective working method, improve its interaction and cooperation with Administering Powers, and ensure the active participation of peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories in determining their own future.
We also commend the role of the Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and the Department of Public Information (DPI) in furthering the cause of decolonization through including provision of necessary technical and advisory services to the people of the Territories, as well as the dissemination of relevant information at the local, regional and international level on the activities of the United Nations concerning decolonization. We encourage them to continue to intensify their efforts in this respect.
The Islamic Republic of Iran continues to put emphasis on political, economic, social and educational advancement of the Non-Self-Governing Territories in the decolonization process as a prerequisite for any decision taken to change the status of the None-Self-Governing Territories.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, while supporting the adoption of the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism, we do hope that all of us in this room commit ourselves to reiterate our political determination and to intensify our efforts to bring the scourge of colonization to a complete end during the coming decade.
Thank you Mr. Chairman