22 April 2010
Mr. Ahmad Rajabi, Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
on Agenda Item 53: Sustainable Development
64th Session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, April 22, 2010)
In the name of God, the compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset allow me to express my appreciation to the President of General Assembly for designating 22 April as International Mother Earth Day. I would like to express my gratitude to Permanent Mission of the Plurinational State of Bolivia which has presented resolutions of Protection of Global Climate for Present and Future Generations and Harmony with Nature at 63rd and 64th Unite Nations General Assembly respectively.
International Mother Earth Day reminds us the concerns of billions of inhabitants of our planet who they are at risk due to climate change. Climate change poses a serious concern to the existence of mankind and has the potential to create widespread poverty and socio-economic instability in all countries, regardless of being developed or developing countries, though with more severe for developing countries.
Regrettably, there is a spectacular distance between commitments and actions on the part of the developed countries with regard to what is mostly urgent for the development of developing countries. Technology transfer and financial resources are two cornerstones of those commitments. More than ten years after the adoption of Kyoto Protocol and its entry into force, the global community still witnesses lack of clear commitment to fight the impacts of climate change by those countries that created this situation. Those who closely follow the ongoing climate change negotiation process can see the sense of disappointment among developing countries.
As a matter of fact, continuation of the current trend leaves little hope for being optimistic, and we should make every effort to have the main building blocks for a solid, reliable and meaningful agreement in COP16 in Cancun, Mexico.
To pave the way for such an agreement, Concerted, and ambitious commitments and measures are required by developed countries, based on the principles enshrined in the Convention, to address the needs of developing countries in all four major components of the Bali Action Plan namely; mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology. This is the basic requirement for the success of the Cop16. The Post-Kyoto Deal should preserve the right of developing countries to have access to the appropriate technology, know-how and finance, in order to enable them to protect their ecological and socio-economic security, and to achieve the internationally agreed development goals including MDGs, and in particular the goal on poverty eradication.
We are committed to the Convention and the Bali Action Plan and will further undertake nationally appropriate mitigation actions, provided that these actions are enabled by capacity-building activities and supported by finance and technology from developed countries, in a measurable, reportable, and verifiable way, as specified in the Bali Action Plan.
The Copenhagen Accord has been adopted by developed countries as a politically binding agreement. So they do not commit themselves to legally- binding emission reductions. That is interpret each country is free to submit its own national emission reduction target. Therefore, there are no long-term targets for emission reductions. As a matter of fact, for the first time, in the Copenhagen, procedure of negotiation has been violated by the developed countries and majority of developing countries were out of negotiation process in preparation of Copenhagen Accord. We believe this kind of unusual procedurals could be jeopardizing the decisions of international conventions in the future.
Having since the COP neither adopted nor endorsed the Accord, but just took note of it, we believe Two-track process should be considered in the negotiation on climate change and UNFCCC must be remaining in center. In line with discussions at Copenhagen, the two-track negotiation process along the Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) under the UNFCCC and the Ad hoc Working Group under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) should be hold extra meetings in the run-up to COP-16. Negotiations must be conduct in a comprehensive and transparent manner and should be lead to legally binding agreement in COP-16.
Let me conclude, Mr. President with this point that we have no choice but relinquish political considerations on address many of challenges of climate change that world face today. We have to work together now, and engage in a meaningful, fair and sincere cooperation to fight collectively the challenge of climate change.