21 April 2010

Summary of the Proceedings of Tehran International Conference on Disarmament

21 April 2010

 

The Islamic Republic of Iran convened an international conference on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation in Tehran, on 17-18 April 2010. The purpose of conference was to exchange views with regard to the experiences, status, and future prospects of issues in the realm of disarmament and non-proliferation. Foreign Ministers and high-ranking officials and prominent experts from 60 countries as well as representatives of some regional and international organizations and NGOs attend the conference.

In a message to the Conference, His Eminence Ayatollah Khamenei, supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, stated that from the time of the first explosion of an atomic weapon by the US in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the security of the entire humankind has been threatened and there has been a global consensus on the need for complete elimination of these weapons. The use of nuclear weapon caused massive loss of lives and destruction and its ruthless consequences crossed political and geographical boundaries and even wreaked irreparable losses on the next generations. As a consequence of these devastating effects, any use of or even threat to use nuclear weapons is a “serious and material violation of indisputable rules of humanitarian law and a cogent example of a war crime.” His Eminence accordingly stressed that “we regard the use of these weapons to be illegal and haram [religiously forbidden] and it is incumbent on all to protect humankind from this grave disaster.”

In his inaugural statement to the Conference, H.E. President Ahmadinejad of the Islamic Republic of Iran lauded the motto of the Conference: “Nuclear Energy for every one, Nuclear Weapon for no one” as a logical approach towards the materialization of durable peace and security for all. In explaining the origins of arms race and the existence of nuclear, biological and chemical arsenals as a threat to international peace and security, he made reference to adoption, by certain states, of measures and policies such as: development and use of nuclear weapons; relying on nuclear deterrence in their doctrines; threat to use nuclear weapons; abusing Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), application of double standards; and equating nuclear weapon with nuclear energy.

The president went on to say that by equating nuclear weapon with nuclear energy, certain countries intend to be the exclusive possessors of both nuclear weapons and nuclear energy, so as to be able to impose easily their policies on the international community. While the Zionist regime has over 200 nuclear warheads and has waged several wars in the region by full supported of the US and its allies, other states are prevented from making peaceful use of nuclear energy.

While underlining the need to nuclear disarmament, President Ahmadinejad questioned the realization of such a goal by Nuclear Weapon States themselves and accordingly proposed the establishment of an independent international group with full authority to that effect.

Dr. Jalili, Secretary of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council also addressed the conference and underlined the necessity for nuclear disarmament and the need for a clear timetable for the elimination of all nuclear weapons in a verifiable manner. He added that ignoring the inalienable rights of nations to have nuclear fuel cycle weakens the NPT pillars.

Foreign Ministers and other participants in their statements underscored the need for disarmament and proposed some practical steps for its realization. They also exchanged views on the items on the agenda of three panels of the conference: disarmament challenges; international obligations of States for disarmament; and practical steps to disarmament. Likewise, they expressed their interest for holding the second conference, to be held in April 2011 in Tehran.

In his concluding remarks, H.E. Manouchehr Mottaki Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the chairman of Conference appreciated active and constructive participation in the plenary and the panels of the Conference and stressed that Iran has always been in the forefront of the campaign against the WMDs and Tehran Conference was a step in this direction. Iran initiated the idea of Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East in 1974 and has also proposed a resolution on the Nuclear Disarmament Obligations of NWS to the UN General Assembly. Minister Mottaki added that statements and views of honorable Foreign Ministers and other participants contain valuable points which could play an important role in promoting this lofty goal. He then read out the Chairman’s Conclusion and emphasized that the results of the Conference should be duly considered in the upcoming NPT Review Conference.

Conclusions of the chair of the Conference mainly focuses on the following issues:

  • Expressing concern on the continued existence of WMDs and the use or threat to use such weapons;
  • Emphasizing on nuclear disarmament and their total elimination;
  • Redoubling efforts and promotion of multilateralism in the field of nuclear disarmament;
  • Necessity of concluding a comprehensive Convention to ban development, production, transfer, stockpiling, use or threat to use such weapons;
  • Adopting measures for the realization of Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East, and the call for accession of the Zionist Regime to the NPT;
  • Stressing on the principles of irreversibility, transparency and verifiability in any agreement on reducing nuclear weapons;
  • Affirming the inalienable right of the NPT State Parties to use nuclear energy in all its aspects;
  • Recognizing any attack to peaceful nuclear facilities as a gross violation of international law and the UN Charter; and
  • Necessity to comply with the obligations on destruction of chemical weapons within the agreed timeframe (2012), and to address the biological threats.

For more information browse the website of the Conference:

http://www.mfa.gov.ir/cms/cms/Tehranicd/en/index.html

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