23 February 2010
Statement by Mr. Amir Hossein Hosseini
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
at the general debate of the 2010 substantive session
of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34)
(New York – 23 February 2010)
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
I would like to begin by extending my congratulations to you and other members of the bureau on your election and wish you all success in your endeavor to guide the current session of the Special Committee towards a fruitful outcome.
I also would like to thank Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Alain Le Roy, and Under-Secretary General for the Department of Field Support, Ms. Susana Malcorra, for their useful briefings.
My delegation associates itself with the statement made by Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
We pay tribute to the victims of the recent earthquake in Haiti, especially brave personnel of MINUSTAH who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty. We pray for the souls of all those who lost their lives in this tragic incident.
The Islamic Republic of Iran fully shares the sentiment that the nature and aspects of United Nations peacekeeping operations has gone under a dramatic change over recent years, and therefore, the Organization needs to cope with new realities and challenges on the ground. While recognizing this fact, we believe that there are still a lot to be discussed and clarified about the very notion of, and the kind of response to these new realities and challenges.
Having said that, my delegation would like to share some of its views on the issue of United Nations peacekeeping operations as follows:
1. We believe that United Nations, as a universal body entrusted with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, is the most appropriate and capable international body to respond effectively to situations demanding peacekeeping operations. In doing so, the Organization should act in accordance with purposes and principles of the UN Charter, especially those stipulating the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-intervention in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of the Members and nations concerned.
2. The United Nations, guided by its Charter, should always act as the main international body responsible for responding to conflict and post-conflict situations. In this context, it is imperative that any unilateral act taken outside the United Nations would not be consistent with the Charter of the United Nations and international law. There is also a dire need for taking new measures and adopting innovative approaches to revoke or invalidate such unlawful acts in order to prevent their recurrence in the future. Many Member States have always expressed their serious concern regarding the negative repercussions of political manipulation of new concepts as well as their selective application and double-standard in invoking them.
3. All United Nations peacekeeping operations should strictly observe the principles of peacekeeping, namely, the consent of the parties, the non use of force except in self-defense, and impartiality. In the same vein, we also stress that respect for the principles of sovereign equality, political independence, territorial integrity of all States and non-intervention must be upheld in this regard. All peacekeeping operations, without any distinction as to the geography, region, and also political, social and security situation of their respective fields, should enjoy full political support of all Member States, should be provided with all necessary human, financial and logistic resources, and be assigned with clearly defined and achievable mandates and exit strategies.
4. While confirming the necessity of adopting new concepts and ideas to address emerging needs and demands emanating from complex and multidimensional nature of peacekeeping operations, we believe that they should be consistent with principles, guidelines and terminology governing peacekeeping, agreed upon in relevant inter-governmental negotiating processes. Moreover, due attention should be paid to the consistency in the use of this agreed terminology.
In this connection, my delegations reiterates that the General Assembly and the Special Committee are the most competence fora to discuss issues and policies related to UN peacekeeping operations, and to make the best contribution in forming tailored responses to those new emerging issues.
5. UN peacekeeping operations would bear no tangible results unless the root causes of international and local conflicts are deeply and duly addressed. Therefore, deployment of peacekeeping missions should be complemented with strong political resolve for finding objective solution, especially for economic and political problems of the respective societies. We stress that UN peacekeeping operations should be planned in a way to serve as a means of preparing the ground for realization of sustainable development of communities trapped in the vicious circle of violence and plight.
6. To ensure the success of peacekeeping mandates, all measures should be taken to establish communications with all respective parties, especially TCCs. We encourage the Secretariat to continue its efforts to increase the level of its interaction with all stakeholders, especially TCCs, with a view to increase the effectiveness of UN peacekeeping operations. In this respect, we also call upon the Secretariat to continue its valuable efforts to ensure proper representation of the TCCs in DPKO and DFS at all levels both at the Headquarters and in the fields, and in all activities of UN peacekeeping operations from policy formulation and decision making process to deployment and operational aspects.
7. My delegation, along with other members of the Non-Aligned Movement, would like to stress that the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security rests with the UN, and that the role of regional arrangements and agencies in that regard should be in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations. We reiterate that regional arrangements should not in any way involve in peacekeeping operations as a substitute for the United Nations, circumvent full application of the UN guiding principles on peacekeeping, or disengage the Organization of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
In conclusion, Madam Chair, I wish to reassure this august body of my Government’s support to the United Nations peacekeeping operations.