3 November 2009
Mr. Ahmad Rajabi
Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
on Agenda Item 53: Sustainable Development, sub-item (i)
64th Annual Session of the United Nations General Assembly
(3 November 2009 – New York)
At the outset, I would like to associate myself with the statement made by the distinguished Permanent Representative of Sudan on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
Energy plays a significant role in achieving Sustainable Development and is one of the important factors for economic development. Deployment of clean and renewable energies can play an effective role in the partial fulfillment of energy demand, rural development, job creation and most important environmental protection.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) World Energy Outlook, we can expect emissions and oil demand to continue to grow rapidly over the next decades even when we take into account the technological progress to be expected under existing policies. Diversification of energy resources and shifting to cleaner energy resources in particular new and renewable sources of energy, are helpful means to address many of the challenges that world faces today. Global warming, climate change and widespread droughts are considered to be serious threats to human life. Deployment of renewable energy along with the rational use of fossil fuels is an important option to tackle these challenges.
Enormous investment is needed to bring new production capacity on line and to build new and upgraded infrastructures in energy exploration, production, transportation, distribution and consumption. This is particularly required to transport energy supplies to market, especially for natural gas. Mobilizing of investment is a challenging task which cannot be addressed without strong sense of cooperation and solidarity among all relevant stakeholders including governments, non-governments sectors and international organizations.
Islamic Republic of Iran, in pursuing its sustainable development objectives, has taken significant measures towards the energy consumption optimization, hydropower, renewable energies, replacement of natural gas for other fuels in power plants and other energy consuming sectors. Main polices of the Islamic Republic of Iran for renewable energy deployments are: encouraging private sector to invest in new and renewable energies, providing subsidies and supporting of manufacturers and designing companies for technology development and competitive technologies and supporting university researches in these fields.
We could achieve our objective of increasing the share of the renewable energy sources in the overall world energy basket through international cooperation among the developed and developing countries. We also need to promote new and renewable sources and optimization of energy consumption through measures including:
1. Promotion of diversification of energy types and sources and combine the increased use of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and greater application of cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
2. Promotion of development and transfer of advanced and clean energy technologies and transition to the cleaner use of liquid and gaseous fossil fuels including through creating appropriate investment conditions for LNG trade and develop global LNG market so to increase access to energy and to create market for the flared gas;
3. Accelerating development, dissemination and deployment of affordable and cleaner energy efficiency and energy conservation technologies, as well as the transfer of such technologies in particular to oil producing developing countries;
- 4. Increasing efficiency in energy infrastructures, including minimizing oil and gas losses in extraction, processing, storage, loading, dispensing and transport and gas emissions from gas systems, and develop efficient power generating facilities;
- 5. Facilitating the provision of affordable technologies to oil producing and exporting countries for: transforming solid fuels to liquid or gaseous fuels; controlling gas flaring and venting; utilizing carbon capture and storage technologies; and applying technology to recapture the energy contained in waste;
- 6. Supporting regional cooperation in the field of generation, transmission and distribution of energy, interconnection of electricity grids, and establishment of oil and natural gas pipelines and cross-border energy trade;
The world is facing a potentially catastrophic process of climate change. We need to change the pattern we generate and consume energy. 1.6 billion People are without access to electricity and 2.4 billion people currently relying on traditional biomass fuel sources, with more than 1.5 million people globally die prematurely every year due to outdoor and indoor air pollution of these sources of energy. Secure, reliable and affordable energy services are fundamental to economic prosperity, social stability and political security. They are prerequisite of development.
Thank you Mr. Chairman