27 October 2009
Statement by Mr. Amir Hossein Hosseini, Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
at the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee)
on the agenda item 33: Comprehensive Review of the Whole Question of Peacekeeping Operations in All Their Aspects
64th Session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York-27 October 2009)
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
At the outset, I would like to thank the Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Alain Le Roy, and also Under-Secretary General for the Department of Field Support, Ms. Susana Malcorra, for their hard work and also their comprehensive briefings to the Committee.
My delegation associates itself with the statement made by the distinguished Representative of Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The United Nations, as a universal body entrusted with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, is the most appropriate international body to respond effectively to situations demanding peacekeeping operations. In doing so, the Organization should act in accordance with purposes and principles of the UN Charter, especially those stipulating the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-intervention in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of the Members and nations concerned.
The United Nations should always be conscious of the fact that peacekeeping operations would bear no fruits unless the root causes of international and local conflicts are deeply and duly addressed. In this context, mere deployment of peacekeeping missions without taking decisive steps to solve economic, social, cultural and political problems of the societies concerned, will serve no purpose and would be nothing but prescribing calmative drugs for serious illnesses. We stress that the United Nations peacekeeping operations should be designed in a way to serve as a means for paving the way for sustainable development of peoples trapped in cycles of violent conflicts.
We also emphasize that the United Nations, guided by its Charter, is and will be the main international body responsible for responding to conflict and post-conflict situations. Therefore, it is imperative that unilateral acts taken outside the United Nations are not consistent with the international law, especially the UN Charter, and must be brought to an end. There is also a dire need for taking new measures and adopting innovative approaches to repeal or invalidate such unlawful acts in order to prevent their recurrence in the future.
My delegation reiterates that the consent of the parties, impartiality and non-use of force except in self-defense should serve as the basic guiding principles of the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Furthermore, in order to optimize the UN peacekeeping operations system, the Secretariat should continue its valuable efforts to establish closer interaction with all stakeholders, especially TCCs.
We commend positive steps taken by the Security Council, DPKO and DFS in recent months to promote dialogue and consultations TCCs on various, especially operational, aspects of the UN peacekeeping operations. In this context, we are of the view that a serious and meaningful dialogue between the Member States, including NAM, and the Secretariat on the latter’s non-paper “New Horizon Project” would ensure obtaining a more constructive and practical outlook upon the UN peacekeeping operations. Since the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations is the UN body exclusively mandated to review the whole question of UN peacekeeping operations in all their aspects, we support the view that the Committee is the best place for having such a meaningful dialogue on this evolving process.
My delegation, along with other members of the Non-Aligned Movement would like to reiterate that the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security rests with the UN, and that the role of regional arrangements in that regard should be in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations. We reiterate that regional arrangements should not in any way involve in peacekeeping operations as a substitute for the United Nations, circumvent full application of the UN guiding principles on peacekeeping, or disengage the Organization of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
We call upon the Secretariat to continue its efforts to ensure the proper representation of the TCCs in DPKO and DFS at all levels both at the Headquarters and in the fields, and in all activities of the UN peacekeeping operations from policy formulation and decision making process to deployment and operational aspects.
We pay tribute to those UN peacekeepers who have lost their lives in the most horrendous and dangerous situations resulted from crisis and conflicts.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, I would like to assure you of my Government’s full support to the UN’s work in the field of peacekeeping operations.