1 October 2009
Statement by H.E. Mr. Eshagh Alehabib,
Deputy Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
at the meeting on the Comprehensive Review of the Status of Implementation
of the United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1540 (2004)
in the Trusteeship Council Chamber
New York, October 1, 2009
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
On behalf of my delegation, I would like to thank you and the 1540 Committee for convening this open meeting of the Comprehensive Review on the Status of the Implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1540.
The continued existence and development of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), the possibility of use or threat of use of WMD and the prospect of non-state actors acquiring such weapons are all the more threatening the whole international community. The Islamic Republic of Iran considers acquiring, developing, and using WMD as inhumane, immoral, illegal, and against its very basic principles. The Islamic Republic of Iran, as a State Party to all international instruments banning WMD, believes that the most effective way of preventing non-state actors from acquiring WMD is through the total elimination of such weapons.
Last week in the Summit meeting of the Security Council on non proliferation and nuclear disarmament, my delegation submitted a written statement which is now issued as the Security Council document S/2009/480. In that statement my delegation has stated that the mere existence of nuclear weapons is a source of horror, distrust and threat. Despite the limited bilateral and unilateral arms reduction, such efforts are far below the international expectations for real and effective steps towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons. The nuclear-weapon States are obligated to comply with their legally binding commitments to fully work towards elimination of their Nuclear Weapons. It is obvious that as long as these weapons exist, their continued existence, development and deployment of thousands of nuclear warheads not only threaten international peace and security, but also there is always the risk that they fell in the hands of terrorists and non state actors. In this context, the Islamic Republic of Iran strongly believes that non-proliferation and disarmament are mutually reinforcing. The efforts directed towards non-proliferation should be paralleled by simultaneous efforts aimed at disarmament. The strengthening of these two concepts together would serve well in securing a world that is free from weapons of mass destruction. Attaining the universality of non-proliferation and disarmament treaties, in particular NPT, is a must in this regard.
While the establishment of the 1540 Committee is considered as a practical step aimed at filling the gap in the existing worldwide non-proliferation bodies, a number of serious and valid questions arise as to whether the work of the Committee fairly and adequately has addressed the concerns of all member States. The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that work of the Committee should not have operative impact on the rights enshrined in the internationally negotiated instruments such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) as well as the Statute of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The Islamic Republic of Iran also views that any emphasis on the concept of prohibiting the access of non state actors to the WMDs and nuclear materials should not divert the attention of the Member States from the nuclear disarmament as the highest priority of the international community.
Taking into account these ideas, the Islamic Republic of Iran has provided two reports to the 1540 Committee on the measures it has taken to implement the resolution 1540. As clearly stated in these reports , the Islamic republic of Iran as a State Party to all international instruments banning WMD, namely NPT, CWC, BTWC and the 1925 Geneva Protocol and based on its principled positions and contractual commitments, has refrained and continues to refrain from providing any form of support to other states and non-State actors that attempt to develop, acquire, manufacture, possess, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery.
According to the legal system of the Islamic Republic of Iran, international conventions and treaties that are ratified by the Parliament become part of national law of the country and are therefore binding on all Iranian citizens and residents, as well as those under the jurisdiction of the State. The Islamic Republic of Iran has also enacted a set of relevant national laws and regulations banning and punishing the smuggling and illicit trafficking of any kind of weapons and ammunitions including chemical, biological and nuclear material. Furthermore, any production, possession, acquiring, stealing, deceptive acquisition, illicit trafficking, transportation, stockpiling, and development of nuclear, chemical and biological materials that have no justification other than peaceful purposes, constitute a crime.
In conclusion Mr. Chairman, I would like to emphasize once again the that we strongly believe that the best way of assuring the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and reducing the risks of falling nuclear materials at the hands of terrorists and non state actors is the full and non-selective implementation of the NPT, and assuring its universality. In this context, Failure in implementation of effective measures of nuclear disarmament increases the danger of proliferation of nuclear weapons. Cases of transfer of nuclear weapon technology by certain nuclear-weapons States to non-parties to the NPT, and nuclear weapon sharing under security arrangements with non-nuclear weapon States are clear examples in this regard. Therefore, the cooperation among all member States is a key element to prevent illicit trafficking in WMD and falling these weapons at the hands of terrorists and non state actors.
I thank you for your kind attention.